Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Executive Editor: Michael Wilkinson
Associate Editors: Connie Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online (BEGP) provides a comprehensive overview of worldwide Pentecostalism from a range of disciplinary perspectives. It offers analysis at the level of specific countries and regions, historical figures, movements and organizations, and particular topics and themes. Pentecostal Studies draws upon areas of research such as anthropology, biblical studies, economics, gender studies, global studies, history, political science, sociology, theological studies, and other areas of related interest. The BEGP emphasizes this multi-disciplinary approach and includes scholarship from a range of disciplines, methods, and theoretical perspectives. Moreover, the BEGP is cross-cultural and transnational, including contributors from around the world to represent key insights on Pentecostalism from a range of countries and regions.

Providing summaries of the key literature, the BEGP will be the standard reference for Pentecostal Studies. All articles are fully text searchable and cross-referenced, with bibliographic information on scholarly work and recommendations for further reading.

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(1,414 words)

Author(s): Drønen, Tomas Sundnes
One of the most striking features of Christianity in Cameroon is the lack of African independent, or Aladura, churches throughout the country. There is a close connection between the development of independent and Pentecostal churches in other parts of sub-Saharan African, and the slow arrival of Pentecostalism to Cameroon is most probably linked to the absence of this vibrant type of African Christianity. Paul Gifford claims that this lack of Christian variation is a result of the state’s preoc…
Date: 2021-07-16


(1,017 words)

Author(s): Stewart, Adam
Approximately 478,705 Canadians (about 1.5 percent of all Canadians) self-identify as Pentecostals. The majority of these individuals likely attend congregations affiliated with one of about a dozen explicitly Pentecostal denominations, the two largest being the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada (established in 1919) and the Pentecostal Assemblies of Newfoundland and Labrador (established in 1925). The remainder attend other non-Pentecostal congregations or no congregations at all, but find meaning in self-identifying as Pentecostal becaus…
Date: 2021-07-16

Canadian Assemblies of God

(894 words)

Author(s): Marcondes Alves, Leonardo
Formerly the Italian Pentecostal Church of Canada, this Finished Work Pentecostal denomination began among Italian migrants in 1913. The CAG should not be confused with the other World Assemblies of God Fellowship (WAGF) affiliated groups in Canada: the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada (PAOC) and the Pentecostal Assemblies of Newfoundland and Labrador (PANL). The CAG traces its origins to a revival in a small independent Italian church in Hamilton, Ontario in 1913. This group, composed by families from the town of Racalmuto, Sicily, had left the…
Date: 2021-07-16

Cantalamessa, Raniero

(798 words)

Author(s): Alva, Reginald
Raniero Cantalamessa, O.F.M. Cap. was born in Colli del Tronto, in the province of Ascoli Piceno, Italy in 1934. In 1945, he made his first religious profession in the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. He was then ordained as a Franciscan priest in 1958. He got the degree of Doctor in Divinity in 1962 from Fribourg University, Switzerland and in 1966, doctorate in Classical Literature from the Catholic University of Milan, Italy. Later from 1967, he taught History of Ancient Christianity at the Ca…
Date: 2021-07-16

Cape Verde

(681 words)

Author(s): Ramos, Max Ruben
The relation between Cape Verde and Christianity goes back to the fifteenth-century and to the process of colonial occupation, settlement and spatial organization of the Islands. In other words, the establishment of Christianity in Cape Verde is inextricably connected into the historical period of Atlantic slavery and European colonialism. This period was marked by violence, compulsory conversions and resistance to racial hierarchy and repression of African religious practices. From this period …
Date: 2021-07-16


(1,788 words)

Author(s): Estrada-Carrasquillo, Wilmer
The Pentecostal landscape in the Caribbean is as complex and rich as the region itself. From afar, the Caribbean is a conglomeration of islands with tropical weather and beautiful beaches that expand throughout the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. However, as we move closer to this paradise-like region, we are quickly reminded of the undeniable influx of cultures, religions, and politics that are interconnected since the area became the first stop during the colonization era. A glance throu…
Date: 2021-07-16

Cathcart, William

(865 words)

Author(s): Chant, Barry
William Cathcart (1893–1988) was the founder of the Apostolic Church in Australia. He was tall and commanding in presence, quiet and serious in nature, and a competent teacher. Born of Scottish parents in Northern Ireland, he fought in France in World War One from which, being severely “shell-shocked” he was repatriated to a convalescent home where, while reading the New Testament, he believed God told him that he would be healed and preach in “the uttermost parts of the world.” Not long after t…
Date: 2021-07-16

Central African Republic

(742 words)

Author(s): Nupanga, Weanzana Wa Weanzana
A landlocked country located in the heart of Africa, Central African Republic (CAR) was a former French colony. With an estimated population of about 5 million, CAR is among the five poorest countries in the world according to the 2018 United Nations report on Human Development. In the absence of reliable data, the Christian population is estimated at 85 percent which is comprised of about 50 percent Protestant and 35 percent Roman Catholic.Although Pentecostal missionaries from the Swiss Pentecostal Mission (SPM) and the Elim missions brought Pentecostalism around …
Date: 2021-07-16