Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Executive Editor: Michael Wilkinson
Associate Editors: Connie Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online (BEGP) provides a comprehensive overview of worldwide Pentecostalism from a range of disciplinary perspectives. It offers analysis at the level of specific countries and regions, historical figures, movements and organizations, and particular topics and themes. Pentecostal Studies draws upon areas of research such as anthropology, biblical studies, economics, gender studies, global studies, history, political science, sociology, theological studies, and other areas of related interest. The BEGP emphasizes this multi-disciplinary approach and includes scholarship from a range of disciplines, methods, and theoretical perspectives. Moreover, the BEGP is cross-cultural and transnational, including contributors from around the world to represent key insights on Pentecostalism from a range of countries and regions.

Providing summaries of the key literature, the BEGP will be the standard reference for Pentecostal Studies. All articles are fully text searchable and cross-referenced, with bibliographic information on scholarly work and recommendations for further reading.

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Hagin, Kenneth

(962 words)

Author(s): McClymond, Michael
Kenneth Hagin (1917–2003) was perhaps the best known leader and teacher in the “Word of faith” or “positive confession” movement, which is closely associated throughout the world with the so-called prosperity gospel or prosperity theology. The prosperity emphasis in global Pentecostalism today has much to do with Hagin’s nearly seventy-year-long preaching and teaching ministry. American religious historian Kate Bowler (2013) states that Hagin, while not alone in his views, was the most powerful theological influence of the prosperity gospel.Hagin was primarily known as a …
Date: 2021-07-16

Harper, Michael and Jeanne

(905 words)

Author(s): Au, Connie
Michael Claude and Jeanne Harper (1931–2010; ?–2017) were pioneers of the British Charismatic Renewal from the 1960s. Michael Claude was born to a business family and his father expected him to take over his business, but he decided to study law and theology at Emmanuel College in Cambridge. He was converted to Christianity during his first year of undergraduate study. He prepared for ordination at Ridley Hall, Cambridge and became a curate at St Barnabas’ Church in Clapham Common, South London …
Date: 2021-07-16

Harris, Leo Cecil

(902 words)

Author(s): Chant, Barry
Leo Cecil Harris (1920–1977) was the founder of the CRC Churches International in Australia. He was the son of Cecil Harris, an Apostolic pastor who had been converted in Perth, Western Australia, under the ministry of flamboyant South African evangelist Frederick Van Eyk. As an eight-year-old, Leo Harris turned to the Lord through the preaching of Charles Greenwood. Immediately he became a fervent evangelist, writing out biblical texts with colored pencils and pasting them on local lamp posts.In 1935, at the age of 15, Harris was baptized in water and the following year…
Date: 2021-07-16

Hawtin, George

(951 words)

Author(s): Althouse, Peter
George Robert Hawtin (1909–1994) was a Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada minister who along with Percy Hunt and Herrick Holt was instrumental in launching the Latter Rain Revival in North Battleford Saskatchewan, Canada in 1948. Hawtin was born in Souris, Manitoba on February 27 to Eliza Harriet Roberts (1868–1957) and James William Hawtin (1875–1942). George was the fifth of six siblings: Hilda Mae (1899–1985), James William (1900–1983), Lillian Edith (1901–2001), Philip Henry (1904–1984), and E…
Date: 2021-07-16

Ha, Young Jo

(821 words)

Author(s): Wang, Eunhee Zoe
Ha, Young-jo (1946–2011) was an influential Korean pastor who dedicated his life to Christian mission worldwide. He served as a leader for Campus Crusade for Christ (CCC) in evangelism and Bible teaching for seven years. After studying at the Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary, Ha founded the Celebrity Church from which he had to resign because of hepatocirrhosis. While he was in the UK receiving treatment, Ha studied at London Bible College, Worldwide Evangelization for Christ (WE…
Date: 2021-07-16

Haywood, G.T.

(787 words)

Author(s): King, Johnny
Early African-American Pentecostal theologian, author, leader and pastor. Garfield Thomas Haywood (1880–1931) was one of nine children born to Ben Haywood and Penny Ann Uzzle, July 15, 1880 in Greencastle, Indiana, to parents who had themselves been born into slavery. The family had moved from North Carolina in 1879, to the rural area around Greencastle, before relocating closer to Indianapolis when Garfield was just three years old. G.T. Haywood attended Shortridge High School, leaving in 1896 …
Date: 2021-07-16


(1,478 words)

Author(s): Brown, Candy Gunther
Healing is a major theme in, and explanation for, the global expansion of Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity (or “Pentecostalism”) over the course of the twentieth century. During the famed Azusa Street Revival of 1906 that, in conjunction with similar revivals scattered across the world, spread Pentecostalism globally, claims of divine healing through prayer drew outsiders and inspired missionary zeal. Despite the emphasis that many observers of Pentecostalism give to glossolalia and fina…
Date: 2021-07-16

Hebden, Ellen

(1,042 words)

Author(s): Stewart, Adam
Ellen Wharton was born on January 15, 1865, in Gayton, Northamptonshire, England. She underwent an emotive conversion and sanctification experience at the age of fifteen, which contributed to her decision to move to London, England, to work under the tutelage of the renowned faith healer, Elizabeth Baxter, as well as her desire to establish a healing mission of her own.After apprenticing with Baxter, Ellen met James Hebden—four years her senior, and, like Ellen, an aspiring missionary—who was raising his two children alone after the death of his first wife. E…
Date: 2021-07-16


(1,495 words)

Author(s): Archer, Kenneth J. | Ross, Aaron Gabriel
Pentecostal biblical interpretation has a rich history, even though the movement is young. One reason is that early Pentecostals had to immediately defend their experience of Spirit Baptism signified primarily by tongues speech. Thus, from the beginning, spiritual experiences and interpretation of Scripture as a means to validate the experience were at the forefront of the movements’ interaction with other Christian traditions. A more “developed” hermeneutic theologically and contextually speaki…
Date: 2021-07-16

Hezmalhalch, Thomas

(849 words)

Author(s): M'fundisi-Holloway, Naar
Thomas Hezmalhalch (1847–1934) is also known as Tom Hezmalhalch or “Brother Tom.” He was an American missionary who together with John G. Lake founded the Apostolic Faith Mission (AFM) in South Africa with links to Azusa Street Revival (Kydd 2002). AFM went on to become the largest Classical denomination in South Africa to date (Kay 2011).Hezmalhalch’s parents were English born in New Jersey, U.S.. He went to Leeds in England after the civil war and served as a preacher in a Wesleyan Methodist Church. After his return to the U.S. in 1884, he joine…
Date: 2021-07-16