Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Executive Editor: Michael Wilkinson
Associate Editors: Connie Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online (BEGP) provides a comprehensive overview of worldwide Pentecostalism from a range of disciplinary perspectives. It offers analysis at the level of specific countries and regions, historical figures, movements and organizations, and particular topics and themes. Pentecostal Studies draws upon areas of research such as anthropology, biblical studies, economics, gender studies, global studies, history, political science, sociology, theological studies, and other areas of related interest. The BEGP emphasizes this multi-disciplinary approach and includes scholarship from a range of disciplines, methods, and theoretical perspectives. Moreover, the BEGP is cross-cultural and transnational, including contributors from around the world to represent key insights on Pentecostalism from a range of countries and regions.

Providing summaries of the key literature, the BEGP will be the standard reference for Pentecostal Studies. All articles are fully text searchable and cross-referenced, with bibliographic information on scholarly work and recommendations for further reading.

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Lake, John G.

(867 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Caleb
John G. Lake (1870–1935) was a Canadian-born missionary to South Africa, traveling healing evangelist, Zionist Apostolic pastor, and co-founder with Thomas Hezmalhalch (1847–1934) of the Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa denomination.John Graham Lake was born in the community of Avonbank, Ontario, Canada, near the town of St. Marys on March 18, 1870. His father, James Lake (1841–1925), was a locally-born farmer, and his mother, Elizabeth Graham (1840–1913), had immigrated from Kilberry, Scotland. Family deaths became pa…
Date: 2021-07-16

Lancaster, Sarah Jane (Murrell)

(1,013 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
Sarah Jane Lancaster (née Murrell), (1858–1935). Born in Williamstown, Victoria, Australia, Sarah Jane was the third child (of eight) of master mariner, William Lee Murrell and his wife Mary Anne (née Hume). In December 1879, Sarah Jane married railway “engineer” Alfred Henry Lancaster (31 Jan 1858, Manchester, England–4 Feb 1930). They lived with the Murrells for some years, until they had children (of whom there were seven). Their large family network of Catos, Murrells, Pyes and Buchanans, ma…
Date: 2021-07-16

Latin America

(2,539 words)

Author(s): Nolivos, Eloy H.
The history of Latin America is a long, diverse, and arduous account of mestizaje (miscegenation) and an experience of unbalanced development. Religion in the Americas obscures the visibility of the indigenous peoples, the vast population of African descent, and the millions of people who currently live in the United States. Latin American Christianity, in general, and Pentecostalism, in particular, are part of the ever evolving and shifting story, which is Latin America. In the five hundred yea…
Date: 2021-07-16

Latter Rain

(1,597 words)

Author(s): McClymond, Michael
The Latter Rain Movement (LRM) was a charismatic Christian revival of the 1940s that—though rejected by denominational pentecostal churches in Canada and the USA—exerted a lasting influence on the development of global charismatic Christianity. The revival broke out on 14 February 1948 (Valentine’s Day) at the Sharon Orphanage and Bible College—a small pentecostal orphanage and school in the remote region of North Battleford, Saskatchewan, affiliated with the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada. It…
Date: 2021-07-16

Leatherman, Lucy

(805 words)

Author(s): Anderson, Allan H.
One of the most remarkable of the first missionaries coming from the Azusa Street Revival was Lucy Leatherman (1870–1925), who was born near Greencastle, Indiana. She was probably also the most travelled of all the itinerant missionaries in early Pentecostalism. At the time she became a Pentecostal she was a doctor’s widow and had been a student at A.B. Simpson’s Missionary Training School in Nyack, New York. She received Spirit baptism when Lucy Farrow prayed for her in 1901 at Charles Parham’s…
Date: 2021-07-16


(567 words)

Author(s): Crace, Benjamin
Positioned just north of Israel and Palestine and almost completely surrounded by Syria on its eastern borders, Lebanon has one of the largest and longest surviving Christian populations in the MENA region. Through the latter part of the twentieth century, Lebanon was ripped with sectarian violence that continues sporadically to this day. Its governmental system assiduously attempts to maintain a mixed representation of all the various groups and minorities. However, like other MENA countries wi…
Date: 2021-07-16

Lee, Yong Do

(676 words)

Author(s): Lee, Sang Yun
Yong Do Lee (1901–1933) was the third son born to a poor family in Hwanghae province in the south of North Korea. He was unhealthy from his childhood and suffered from various diseases. His parents did not expect him to live long. His father was an alcoholic and abused his mother badly. She desperately prayed day and night. Lee’s teachers favored him since he was dexterous and clever with great linguistic talent. The Declaration of Independence was announced on March 1, 1919. He was 19 years old…
Date: 2021-07-16

Le Roux, Pieter L.

(853 words)

Author(s): M'fundisi-Holloway, Naar
Pieter Le Roux (1865–1943) was an Afrikaner missionary of the Dutch Reformed Church (DRC) in Wakkerstroom, South Africa. He was converted at 15 years old and trained as a school teacher in Cape Town. He went to a DRC theological seminary and became a school principal. It was then that he felt the calling to full-time ministry and was sent to Wakkerstroom in Eastern Transvaal with his wife. After two years, his congregation which was mainly Zulus grew to over 2,000 and he attributed this growth to “good earnest native preachers,” who supported his ministry (Oosthuizen 1987).Le Roux was inf…
Date: 2021-07-16

Letwaba, Elias

(682 words)

Author(s): Mochechane, Steve
Elias Letwaba (1870–1959) joined the John G. Lake revival in Doornfontein, Johannesburg, after a long search for intense spiritual meaning in various Protestant churches, including the Lutheran Church of the Berlin Missionary Society. Someone referred him to the “Zulu Mission” where Lake and his entourage of missionaries had just begun a powerful revival meeting. Immediately the two connected.According to Lake there were at least two “Native” evangelists that impressed him the most; Edward “Lion” Motaung and Elias Letwaba. Motaung was the “unculture…
Date: 2021-07-16