Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Executive Editor: Michael Wilkinson
Associate Editors: Connie Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online (BEGP) provides a comprehensive overview of worldwide Pentecostalism from a range of disciplinary perspectives. It offers analysis at the level of specific countries and regions, historical figures, movements and organizations, and particular topics and themes. Pentecostal Studies draws upon areas of research such as anthropology, biblical studies, economics, gender studies, global studies, history, political science, sociology, theological studies, and other areas of related interest. The BEGP emphasizes this multi-disciplinary approach and includes scholarship from a range of disciplines, methods, and theoretical perspectives. Moreover, the BEGP is cross-cultural and transnational, including contributors from around the world to represent key insights on Pentecostalism from a range of countries and regions.

Providing summaries of the key literature, the BEGP will be the standard reference for Pentecostal Studies. All articles are fully text searchable and cross-referenced, with bibliographic information on scholarly work and recommendations for further reading.

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Page, Albert T. and Lou

(917 words)

Author(s): Gore, Kellesi
Albert Page (1882–1918) was an Australian born evangelist and Love Lou Farrington (1886–1919) was an American school teacher. They met in the U.S. Love was her first name and by all accounts this was her nature. She was known by her middle name of Lou.In 1905, Albert spent time in India working in the Government Service prior to coming to the U.S. where he encountered a Pentecostal mission and accepted Christ. Shortly after, he went to New York where he established a church and was later ordained as a Pentecostal Minister. Albert and L…
Date: 2021-07-16


(1,258 words)

Author(s): Newberg, Eric
In Palestine there are about 70,000 Christians in the West Bank and 1000 in Gaza out of a total population numbering approximately 4.5 million. Christians comprise approximately 2 percent of the population of the West Bank and less than 1 percent in Gaza. Christian groups in the West Bank and Gaza include Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Catholicism (Eastern and Western rites), Anglicanism, Protestantism, and Pentecostalism, concentrated mainly in East Jerusalem, Ramallah, Nablus, and Beth…
Date: 2021-07-16


(1,224 words)

Author(s): Gooren, Henri
Paraguay is a land-locked country in South America of 7 million people (CIA 2019). The Philadelphia Evangelical Church arrived in 1938 and the Assemblies of God in 1945. The Church of God (Cleveland, TN) started in 1954. For many years, Pentecostal growth was limited. More successful was a unique local brand of Pentecostalism: El Pueblo de Dios (The People of God), founded in 1963. The last U.S. Pentecostal church arrived in 1985: the Foursquare Church. That same year, Pastor Emilio Abreu founded the Centro Familiar de Adoración megachurch.Brazilian neo-Pentecostal churches, emph…
Date: 2021-07-16

Parham, Charles

(1,105 words)

Author(s): Robeck, Cecil M.
Born June 4, 1873 in Muscatine, Iowa, Charles Fox Parham was a holiness preacher, evangelist, and founder of the Bethel Healing Home and Bible school in Topeka, Kansas. He became the self-proclaimed Projector of the Apostolic Faith Movement, where he popularized the teaching that the “Bible evidence” of baptism in the Holy Spirit is speaking in other tongues. A small number of Apostolic Faith churches that he led, are located primarily in the south-central region of the United States. As a young boy, Parham was quite ill. When he received healing through prayer, he determi…
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada

(1,149 words)

Author(s): Stewart, Adam
The Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada (PAOC) was established on May 17, 1919. What would eventually become the country’s largest Pentecostal denomination, however, initially represented fewer than thirty congregations in eastern Canada. Also in 1919, Pentecostals in western Canada joined the American Pentecostal denomination, the Assemblies of God, as the Western Canada District Council of the Assemblies of God. The existence of two separate Canadian Pentecostal organizations was a result of the …
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostal Assemblies of Newfoundland and Labrador

(1,132 words)

Author(s): Butler, Ewen
The Pentecostal Assemblies of Newfoundland (PAON) had already firmly established roots by 1949 when the British Dominion of Newfoundland became part of the Canadian confederation. As in most of early North American Pentecostalism, there were core distinctives of the new movement. Tongues-speaking seen as evidence of having received Spirit baptism, pre-millennial dispensationalism, salvation as the ultimate spiritual crisis experience preached with urgency in view of the imminence of Christ’s ret…
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostal Assemblies of the World

(978 words)

Author(s): Reed, David
The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World (PAW) is the oldest existing Oneness Pentecostal (OP) organization. It is also one of the first Pentecostal bodies, established as a ministerial association in 1907 in the same year the black Holiness Church of God in Christ (COGIC) reorganized as a Pentecostal body. The PAW was from its beginning an interracial church of the Azusa Street Revival.The first General Secretary was J.J. Frazee (1851–1930), an obscure but effective organizational leader. Following his election in 1912, he moved both PAW headquarters and h…
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostal Charismatic Churches of North America

(936 words)

Author(s): Melton, John Gordon
Formal cooperative relations between Pentecostal denominations in the United States and Canada remained informal through the first half-century of the movement but were catalyzed by the 1942 formation of the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) and the initial post-World War II gathering of the Pentecostal World Conference. Following the 1948 NAE meeting in Chicago, representatives of eight Pentecostal denominations held a preliminary gathering, which was followed by a second meeting also …
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostal Missionary Union

(696 words)

Author(s): Kay, William K.
The Pentecostal Missionary Union (PMU) was formed in January 1909 at a meeting between Alexander Boddy, a Spirit-filled Anglican vicar in Sunderland, UK, and Cecil Polhill, also an Anglican who had first spoken in tongues during the Azusa Street Revival. Polhill had gone out to China with the famous Cambridge Seven and worked with the China Inland Mission for 15 years, always with a heart for Tibetans. After returning to England and becoming a wealthy man by inheritance, Polhill set about formin…
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostal Mission, Hong Kong

(633 words)

Author(s): Au, Connie
Pentecostal Mission was founded in 1907 by a Chinese Congregationalist, Mok Lai Chi, and his fellow members who were baptized by the Holy Spirit during A.G. and Lillian Garr’s revival ministry in Hong Kong (HK). These Congregationalists first worshipped in their church building but had to move out due to their pastor’s complaint about their noise. They rented other places to worship and welcomed foreign missionaries. Mok edited the  Pentecostal Truths in Chinese and English to report revival news in HK, China, and many places around the world. During Mok’s pastors…
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostals/Charismatics by Country, Region, Continent and Globe

(5,543 words)

Author(s): Johnson, Todd M.
The following table contains data on Pentecostals/Charismatics in every country of the world. Each column includes an estimate for 1970 and 2020. Short explanations of each column are presented below.Country/region Short name of country (United Nations) and United Nations regions and continentsYear 1970 and 2020Population United Nations estimates for the country/region populationChristians Christians of all traditions (Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Independent)% Christians Percentage of the country/region that are ChristianPentecostals/Charismatics Pentecosta…
Date: 2021-07-16

Pentecostal World Fellowship

(753 words)

Author(s): Wilkinson, Michael
The Pentecostal World Fellowship (PWF) is a type of color:0000ff:ecumenical organization of Pentecostals that first met in 1947 in Zurich, Switzerland at the Pentecostal World Conference. The PWF meets triennially with the most recent meeting held in Calgary, Canada in 2019. The PWF was initiated by Leonard Steiner, David Du Plessis, J. Roswell Flower, and Donald Gee to encourage cooperation among Pentecostal leaders. The first conference had approximately 3,000 in attendance. Early efforts at organizing…
Date: 2021-07-16

Pethrus, Lewi

(826 words)

Author(s): Davidsson, Tommy
Lewi Pethrus (1884–1974), originally named Pethrus Lewi Johansson, was the prominent face of Swedish Pentecostalism for more than six decades. He was a controversial figure in his day, but also a man who instilled respect and admiration far beyond his own circles. His prolific writings, his vast national and international network, and his presence on key committees guaranteed his longevity.Lewi Pethrus was born on the March 11, 1884 in Vargön, Sweden, to Johan and Kristina Johnson. At the age of 15, he moved to the neighboring town of Vänersborg where h…
Date: 2021-07-16

Petrelli, Giuseppe

(861 words)

Author(s): Marcondes Alves, Leonardo
Giuseppe Petrelli  (1876–1957) was born in 1876 Noepoli, Basilicata, Italy and died in Belleville, New Jersey, U.S.A. He was an early Italian-American Pentecostal missionary, journalist, prolific writer, theologian, and itinerant Bible expositor. Born to an affluent Roman Catholic family, Petrelli became a lay counsel in his late teens while studying Law and contributing to the Corriere di Napoli. Sometime after converting at a Baptist church, he had a crisis of conscience. He quit his legal pra…
Date: 2021-07-16