Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

Get access Subject: Asian Studies

Edited by: John E. Cort, Denison University, Paul Dundas, University of Edinburgh, Knut A. Jacobsen, University of Bergen, Kristi L. Wiley, University of California, Berkeley

Brill’s Encyclopedia of Jainism Online makes available up-to-date research on main aspects of the Jain traditions in original essays written by some of the world’s foremost scholars on Jainism. The encyclopedia is thematic and seeks to present a balanced and impartial view of Jainism with a focus on both historical and contemporary traditions and institutions. The articles address topics such as the human condition, pantheons, historical perspectives, regional cultures, renunciation, lay society, ritual, devotion, visual and material culture, time and space, literature, and philosophy and logic.

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(2,576 words)

Author(s): Soni, Jayandra
It has been appropriately stated that Akalaṅka “established a reputation as the outstanding critic of the Buddhist logician Dharmakīrti of Nālandā” (Jaini, 1979, 84). Even though this acknowledges his renowned status in Jainism in relation to the famous Buddhist thinker, the Jain tradition as a whole, and on its own, accorded him the celebrated position for which he is known in his defense of Jain ideas against attacks, both from within the tradition (e.g. in reaction to his views on Jain epistemology and to his arguments in support of the special status of the mode or modification, paryāya…
Date: 2019-04-15


(3,365 words)

Author(s): Babb, Lawrence A.
According to the Śvetāmbara tradition (Jaini, 1979, 36), Mahāvīra, having delivered his first sermon only to the gods, found himself at the venue of a vedic sacrifice where animals would be offered. He thereupon delivered a sermon on the importance of ahiṃsā to the Brahman priests presiding there, and three of them became the first of his eleven gaṇadharas (chief disciples). This story points to the centrality of the issue of the treatment of animals in Jain tradition, for we see not only that Mahāvīra is portrayed as extending the hand of protection t…
Date: 2019-04-15