Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

Get access Subject: Asian Studies

Edited by: John E. Cort, Denison University, Paul Dundas, University of Edinburgh, Knut A. Jacobsen, University of Bergen, Kristi L. Wiley, University of California, Berkeley

Brill’s Encyclopedia of Jainism Online makes available up-to-date research on main aspects of the Jain traditions in original essays written by some of the world’s foremost scholars on Jainism. The encyclopedia is thematic and seeks to present a balanced and impartial view of Jainism with a focus on both historical and contemporary traditions and institutions. The articles address topics such as the human condition, pantheons, historical perspectives, regional cultures, renunciation, lay society, ritual, devotion, visual and material culture, time and space, literature, and philosophy and logic.

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Rock-Cut Caves

(3,111 words)

Author(s): Owen, Lisa N.
From the 2nd century BCE to the late medieval period, Jains have actively employed the rock-cut medium to create places for ascetic occupation and devotional activities. These spaces, carved into hillsides and large rock formations, can be found across the subcontinent and are diverse in their architectural features and sculpted imagery. Though this is the case, certain patterns emerge in terms of their design and function, particularly when the caves are examined in their chronological and regional contexts.Some of India’s earliest ascetic residences are found in the so…
Date: 2019-04-15