Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia Online

Get access Subject: Asian Studies


Edited by:
Marine Carrin (Editor-in-Chief), University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès, and Michel Boivin, Centre for South Asian Studies (CNRS-EHESS), Gérard Toffin, Centre d’Études Himalayennes, Paul Hockings, University of Illinois at Chicago, Raphaël Rousseleau, Université de Lausanne, Tanka Subba, North-Eastern Hill University, Harald Lambs-Tyche, University of de Picardie-Jules Verne (Section Editors)

Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia Online strives to reflect the diversity of indigenous cultures of South Asia with its many language groups and religious traditions. Religion is taken in a broad sense and includes aspects of morality, symbolism, identity formation, environmental concerns, and art. The approach is contemporary and not a reconstruction of an anterior state, though this does not exclude talking about historical processes.

This online edition is still a work in progress; the number, content, format, and organization of the articles remain subject to change.

More information: Brill.com

Badaga: Fact Sheet

(464 words)

Author(s): Heidemann, Frank
Badagas are the principal farming community of the Nilgiris district. After settling on the plateau some centuries ago, Badagas developed their own Dravidian language called Badaga and a complex societal system, which links politics to religion and to kinship. P. Hockings (2013, 118–132) identifies ten phratries, mostly ranked endogamous groups made up of several clans. The largest endogamous group, comprising over 80% of the total population, is called in academic writing Gauda, Gauder, or Gowd…
Date: 2019-04-15

Badaga: The Religious and Political System of the Badagas

(5,856 words)

Author(s): Heidemann, Frank
According to even the first ethnographic record (Harkness, 1832, 110), the Badagas worship the sacred, ancestral couple Hette and Hiriodeya – Hette is also known as Hethai, Hette Iramasti, Hetty, Hethadeo, Ethaiamman, Ethaiammmal, Hetha(i)mman, Hetheswami, Hithethessamy, Hette somi, and Hiriodeya as Hiriyadeva, Hiriadeva, Heriah, Hereadeo, Hiriya Udaya, Hiriyasami (see Hockings & Pilot-Raichoor, 1992, 509, 606–607). Their own religion follows a Śaiva tradition, although the sacred couple is unknown by name outside this district. Yet, for some, Hette is seen as an avatār (ear…
Date: 2019-04-15