Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia Online

Get access Subject: Asian Studies

Edited by:
Marine Carrin (Editor-in-Chief), University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès, and Michel Boivin, Centre for South Asian Studies (CNRS-EHESS), Gérard Toffin, Centre d’Études Himalayennes, Paul Hockings, University of Illinois at Chicago, Raphaël Rousseleau, Université de Lausanne, Tanka Subba, North-Eastern Hill University, Harald Lambs-Tyche, University of de Picardie-Jules Verne (Section Editors)

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia strives to reflect the diversity of indigenous cultures of South Asia with its many language groups and religious traditions. Shaped by their own mythologies, these tribal religions differ in form and content from Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism, and Christianity, though variants of the latter traditions have been adopted by some indigenous people. Religion is taken in a broad sense and includes aspects of morality, symbolism, identity formation, environmental concerns, and art. Far from being simple survivals of an earlier stage, these religions often show remarkable capacity for adaptation and change. The approach is contemporary rather than a reconstruction of an anterior state, though it does not overlook relevant historical processes.

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Chakma: Chakmas and Their Lives

(6,046 words)

Author(s): Sengupta, Monimalika
Chakma Identity in Arunachal PradeshThe first part of this article gives an overview of who the Chakmas are, their homeland, and their identity. The second part examines the reasons why the Chakmas left the Chittagong Hill Tracts and migrated to India. The third part outlines their religion and traditions, and discusses the role of religion as part of their daily-life experience rather than as an abstract idea governing their life. The fourth part looks into the pushback from the local indigenous Ar…
Date: 2019-11-02

Chakma: Fact Sheet

(371 words)

Author(s): Sengupta, Monimalika
The Chakma are mainly followers of Theravāda Buddhism. They are referred to as Changhma in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region, and in the Rakhine region of Myanmar they are called Daingnet. It is estimated that there are close to seven million Chakmas living in Bangladesh, India, and Myanmar. The Chittagong Hill Tracts region of Bangladesh is known as their homeland; from there, they have migrated to the Indian states of Mizoram, Tripura, and Assam, and later resettled in Arunachal Pradesh and We…
Date: 2019-11-02