Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia Online

Get access Subject: Asian Studies


Edited by:
Marine Carrin (Editor-in-Chief), University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès, and Michel Boivin, Centre for South Asian Studies (CNRS-EHESS), Gérard Toffin, Centre d’Études Himalayennes, Paul Hockings, University of Illinois at Chicago, Raphaël Rousseleau, Université de Lausanne, Tanka Subba, North-Eastern Hill University, Harald Lambs-Tyche, University of de Picardie-Jules Verne (Section Editors)

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia strives to reflect the diversity of indigenous cultures of South Asia with its many language groups and religious traditions. Shaped by their own mythologies, these tribal religions differ in form and content from Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism, and Christianity, though variants of the latter traditions have been adopted by some indigenous people. Religion is taken in a broad sense and includes aspects of morality, symbolism, identity formation, environmental concerns, and art. Far from being simple survivals of an earlier stage, these religions often show remarkable capacity for adaptation and change. The approach is contemporary rather than a reconstruction of an anterior state, though it does not overlook relevant historical processes.

More information: Brill.com

Tamang: Antiquity and Specificity of the Tamangs in Nepal

(7,876 words)

Author(s): Steinmann, Brigitte
To briefly characterize the originality and specificity of the Nepalese Tamangs, we should turn to the guardian and champion of their customs, the tamba, a unique figure among the Tamang populations who inhabit the periphery of the Kathmandu Valley. In the last decades of the 20th century, this personage tirelessly repeated maxims of wisdom to the villagers, especially the following sentences on the fundamental links between language and religion: Tamang luichen Kerung gang Ranglan lengmo ranglan tam Gyoimi memela jinlab yin Rangla gyioita akhlago Tamba mada pap khala The great bod…
Date: 2019-11-02

Tamang: Fact Sheet

(384 words)

Author(s): Steinmann, Brigitte
The Tamang (Tāmāṅg; other names: Lama, Bhote-Lama, Murmi, Ishang, Yolma, Sain, Kagate, Gyuba, Kaike, Shyarpa, Lhopa, Ghale-Bhote, and Bhotiya) number 1,539,830 million in Nepal and constitute 5.8% of the total population according to the 2011 census, thus making them the third largest autochthonous ethnic group in Nepal. They live mainly in the area extending from the Buri Gaṇḍakī River, westward of the Kathmandu Valley, to the Dudhkośī River in the east, and from a line of Himalayan summits, ma…
Date: 2019-11-02