Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 1 : Chronologies of the Ancient World - Names, Dates and Dynasties

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Walter Eder and Johannes Renger
From the Mesopotamian kings in around 3000 BC to the Bishops and Patriarchs of Late Antiquity, Chronologies of the Ancient World lists all rulers and dynasties that made their mark on ancient history. This supplement to Brill’s New Pauly enriches the information from the encyclopedia with its exhaustive lists of names, dates and facts about the people who shaped the ancient world.
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V. Asia Minor in the first millennium BC

(4,142 words)

Author(s): Haider, Peter W. | Eder, Walter
V. 1. Phrygia In Graeco-Roman historiography and poetry only three rulers of the Phrygians (Phryges, Phrygia) are attested. These are king Midas, his father and his son. The latter two both have the eponym Gordius [1] (cf. Eponymus), which, however, is also attested for historical individuals (Laminger-Pascher 1989: 29f.). A son of the younger Gordius, Adrastus, is mentioned by Herodotus [1] as a contemporary of the Lydian king Croesus (Lydia), which would place Midas’ purported grandson in ca. 550 BC (Hdt. I.35-45). Yet, the dates given by Apollodorus [7], Sextus [2] Iulius Africanus, and Eusebius [7] for the death of Midas (676 and 696/5 BC) are inconclusive too, as they are based solely on speculation. Moreover, the image of Midas sketched in the Graeco-Roman tradition is shaped by folk-tale motifs and secularised religious elements (Eitrem 1932: 1526ff.; Bichler 2000: 113; Thiel 2000). Likewise, Herodotus’ claim (Hdt. I.14) that the Phrygian king Midas gave his throne to the shrine of Apollo at Delphi (Delphi I.B) should not be taken uncritically as a historical fact, for this may be mere propaganda designed to promote the fame of the sanctuary. Also debated is the foundation inscription of a certain “Ates” at the Cybele shrine of Yazılıkaya, the so-called “Midas City,” dedicated to a “Midas” bearing the titles “laϝktas” and “ϝanakt(as)” (Brixhe & Lejeune 1984: M-01a). This in…