Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Manfred Landfester
The Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts gives a clear overview of authors and Major Works of Greek and Latin literature, and their history in written tradition, from Late Antiquity until present: papyri, manuscripts, Scholia, early and contemporary authoritative editions, translations and comments.

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Didache

(802 words)

Author(s): Prostmeier, Ferdinand
composed ca. AD 100–120 in Syria; Church manual in Koine Greek. Works The Didache ( Did.) is the oldest extant Church manual. Even though it was known from later, strongly interpolated recensions and the excerpts and testimonies of Byzantine writers, it only became available in its original Greek form in 1873 through the discovery by Philotheos Bryennios of the Codex Hierosolymitanus 54 (also called ‘H’, or ‘Jerusalem Codex’). The codex records a short and a longer title, both of which seek to invest the essen…

Diodorus Siculus

(841 words)

Author(s): Pinkepank, Anne
1st cent. BC; from Agyrium in Sicily; Greek universal historian. Works Of Diodorus’ complete Bibliothḗkē historikḗ in 40 books, only books 1–5 (pre-Trojan time with geography, ethnography, theology and mythology), and books 11–20 (for the period from 480 to 302 BC) survive in their complete form. Fragments of books 6–10 and 21–40 are preserved, mainly in Byzantine excerpts (by the patriarch Photius [2] and by the emperor Constantinus [9] VII Porphyrogenetus), and those by David Hoeschel. Due to the fact that Diodorus’ Bibliothḗkē contains numerous excerpts and paraphrases of …

Diogenes Laertius

(1,225 words)

Author(s): Ciccolella, Federica
Probably flourished in the 3rd cent. AD; nothing is known about his life; Greek historian of philosophy. Works Collection of 83 biographies of Greek philosophers, from the Presocratics to the Imperial age in 10 books. A collection of poems (Πάµµετρος/ Pámmetros) is lost; some of the poems were included in the Anthologia Palatina in the Byzantine period. Manuscripts The manuscripts fall into two principal groups: (1) complete codices ( Codices integri) and a subspecies ( Recensio vulgata; probably before 1200); (2) Excerpta Byzantina, which include passages from the Suda; Magnum exce…

Diognetus, Epistle to

(774 words)

Author(s): Prostmeier, Ferdinand
Greek Christian treatise; composed by an anonymous author (late 2nd cent. AD to 202/ 203), probably in Alexandria. Works Not a letter, but a Christian exhortation; composed in the vicinity, and under the influence of Clemens [3] of Alexandria, and fictitiously addressed to a young pagan named Diognetus [4]. Judaism and paganism are refuted, and the teachings and the life of Christians are sketched briefly. The work presents an introduction to the topics and argumentative techniques that were important in conversat…

Dion Cocceianus of Prusa (Dio Chrysostom)

(1,152 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
since the 3rd cent. AD also called Chrysostom (‘golden-mouthed’) b. ca. AD 40 in Prusa (Bithynia); d. after AD 112; Greek orator and philosopher with Stoic and Cynical roots, who also demonstrated an interest in politics. Works A corpus of 80 orations is preserved; two orations ( Log. 37 and 64) were composed by Dion’s pupil Favorinus. A characteristic quality of his work is the great variety of topics that are covered. Stoic philosophy and Cynical cultural criticism are determining factors; in the political arena, Dion used his art to propa…

Dionysius of Halicarnassus

(1,320 words)

Author(s): Pinkepank, Anne
b. ca. 60 BC in Halikarnassus; active in Rome between 30 BC and 7 BC; d. after 7 BC; Greek literary critic, historian and rhetorician. Works His work consists of the historical treatise Rhòmaikè` archaiología ( Arch.), and several parallel compositions of a rhetorical-critical nature. Of Arch., only books 1–10 and 11 (with gaps) are preserved (reaching down to 451/450 BC); the other nine books (12–20) are known chiefly through the excerpts of Constantinus [9] VII Porphyrogenetus (10th cent.), and an epitome from Milan (Ambrosianus Q 13 sup.). The rhetorical treatise Against the Critic…

Dionysius Periegetes of Alexandria

(694 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
1st half of the 2nd cent. AD; Author of a Greek didactic poem on the subject of geography. Works The didactic poem Periḗgèsis tês oikouménès was a read widely from Antiquity to the early 19th cent. The acrostic formed by the lines 513–532 dates it securely to the reign of the emperor Hadrianus [II] (117–138). Manuscripts 130 manuscripts document the wide dissemination of the Periḗgèsis; the commentary by Eustathius [4] is transmitted in more than 20 manuscripts. Editions Editions of the Greek version only began to appear 25 years after the first Latin translation. They en…

Diophantus of Alexandria

(289 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
active around AD 250 in Alexandria; Greek mathematician. Works Only his major work, the Arithmètiká, are preserved in large parts. Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Ἀριθµητικά/Arithmētiká ( Arithmet.) Arithmetica Arithmetic Problems Treatise on number-theoretical and algebraic problems in 13 bks., of which six bks. are preserved in GK ( Arithmet. gr.) and four more in Arab. ( Arithmet. arab.) Manuscripts Name / Number Dating Selection Content / Notable Features 1 Matritensis 48 13th cent. Arithmet. gr. Oldest MS 2 Marcianus Venetus 308 15th cent…