Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Manfred Landfester
The Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts gives a clear overview of authors and Major Works of Greek and Latin literature, and their history in written tradition, from Late Antiquity until present: papyri, manuscripts, Scholia, early and contemporary authoritative editions, translations and comments.

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Macrobius, Ambrosius Theodosius

(441 words)

Author(s): Horstmann, Henning
the early 5th cent. AD; Roman grammarian and philosopher. Works His main work, Saturnalia, is extant in fragments. Completely extant are his Commentarii in Somnium Scipionis, and, in excerpts, his grammatical treatise De differentiis et societatibus Graeci Latinique verbi ( De diff. et sot.). Manuscripts Rich transmission, particularly of the Somnium. Editions Thirty incunables have been published. Works Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Commentarii in Ciceronis Somnium Scipionis ( Somn.) Commentary on the Dream of Scipio before Sat. (?) Commentary with Neo…

Manetho of Sebennytus

(300 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
3rd cent. BC; Egyptian author writing in Greek. Works His History of Egypt is only extant in fragments. The division into three books, with a total of 30 dynasties (with the later addition of the Persian Dynasty as the 31st dynasty), still corresponds with current division of Egyptian history into three periods, namely: (1) the Old Kingdom (from the divine dynasties to the 11th Dynasty 1992 BC); (2) the Middle Kingdom (12th–18th Dynasty, 1991–1305 BC); and (3) the New Kingdom (19th–30th Dynasty, 1305–342 BC). The 31st (Persian) Dynasty covered the period from 342 to 332 BC. Works Greek Titl…


(738 words)

Author(s): Tschäpe, Elsa-Maria
1st cent. AD.; Roman didactic poet; his works were addressed to Augustus (books1 and 2, terminus post quem AD 9) and Tiberius [1] (book 4). Works The Astronomica is a textbook of astronomy and astrology, written in hexameters. Even though there is manuscript reference to a sixth book, and book 5 is assumed to contain a gap of unknown extent, it is likely that the work never comprised more than five books. Manuscripts The hyparchetype, which probably originates from the monastery at Bobbio, is mentioned in the letters of Gerbert of Aurillac, and later those of Pope Sy…

Marcus Aurelius

(384 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. 26 April AD 121 in Rome; d. 17 March AD 180 in Sirmium (Pannonia); Roman emperor (161–180) with an interest in philosophy (Stoa). Works A philosophical work in 12 books, written in Greek, and entitled Meditations, is extant. Neither the title nor the division into books are original. Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Τῶν εἰς ἑαυτὸν βίβλια/Tôn eis heautòn bíblia Ad se ipsum libri Meditations probably begun in AD 170 Anthology of autobiographical philos. aphorisms in the spirit of the Stoa Manuscripts Name / Number Dating Selection Content / Notable …

Martialis, Marcus Valerius (Martial)

(559 words)

Author(s): Rühl, Meike
b. ca. AD 40 in Bilbilis (Spain); d. ca. AD 104 in Spain; Roman epigrammatic poet. Works Epigrams ( Epigr.). Manuscripts Transmitted in three manuscripts, with three ancient archetypes. Works Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Apophoreta ( Apoph./Epigr. 14) Gifts for Guests to Take Home 84–85 Distichs on Saturnalia gifts 2 Epigrammata ( Epigr. 1–12) Epigrams 86–102 Of varying content 3 Spectaculorum liber ( Spect.) On the Spectacles 80 32 epigrams on the inauguration of the Colosseum 4 Xenia ( Xen./Epigr. 13) Gifts 83–84 Distichs on Saturnalia gifts Manuscripts Name /…

Martianus Capella

(381 words)

Author(s): Horstmann, Henning
ca. AD 400; from Carthage; Jurist and author of a Latin encyclopaedia. Works Extant is an allegorical encyclopaedia in nine books. Manuscripts The work is transmitted in more than 240 manuscripts, based on a single archetype; it was one of the most widely read books in the Middle Ages. Translations A remarkable translation into Old High German was produced by Notker III. (also known as Notker Teutonicus) in ca. AD 1000. Works Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii The Nuptials of Philology and Mercury before 439 Textbook of the seven artes li…

Mela, Pomponius

(608 words)

Author(s): Pausch, Dennis
1st cent. AD; Roman geographer from Tingentera (Southern Spain). Works Geographical description of the Mediterranean world. Manuscripts The transmission is based on a codex copied in the 9th cent. in the vicinity of Lupus of Ferrières and Heiric of Auxerre. It was only in the 14th, and above all in the 15th cent., that numerous manuscripts were produced, although the most influential manuscript – emended and with a gloss provided by Petrarch – is now lost. Translations An early translation of the manuscript into Portuguese (ca. 1500) was followed in the second half of th…

Menander of Athens

(1,372 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. 342/1 BC in Athens; d. 291/0 BC in Athens; most important poet of Attic New Comedy. Works Menander allegedly wrote more than 100 comedies, but only gained eight victories at the agones in Athens. Only fragments are transmitted in manuscripts, each only small in size, mainly in the form of moralizing aphorisms, which had been compiled in an anthology even in Antiquity, leading to a separate graphical tradition ( Gnômai monóstichoi Menándrou). From the end of the 19th cent., this situation improved significantly in the wake of the discovery of an extraordinarily la…