Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Manfred Landfester
The Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts gives a clear overview of authors and Major Works of Greek and Latin literature, and their history in written tradition, from Late Antiquity until present: papyri, manuscripts, Scholia, early and contemporary authoritative editions, translations and comments.

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Themistius

(1,412 words)

Author(s): Gerhardt, Thomas
b. ca. AD 317 in Paphlagonia; d. shortly after AD 388; Greek philosopher, rhetor and politician. Works Works include: paraphrases with commentaries on the works of Aristoteles [6] (from Themistius’ time as a teacher of philosophy, around 345–355); speeches to emperors (official addresses nos. 1–11; 13–19, written between 350 and 385; the 12th address is a 16th cent. Latin forgery); and other addresses (private addresses nos. 20–34; on the whole not exactly dateable). Some of his Aristotelian paraphrases (mainly on Categoriae, Analytica priora and Topica) are lost, while others (on An…

Theocritus

(740 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. ca. 300 BC, probably in Syracuse; d. ca. 260 BC; important Hellenistic poet who, with some of his poems, became the archegete of ancient bucolic poetry. Works Thirty Idylls/eidyllía ( Eid.), 23 Epigrams ( Epigr.), and one figured poem ( Syrinx) are transmitted under the name of Theocritus. Some of the idylls ( Eid. 8; 9; 19–21; 23; 25; 27) and epigrams, as well as the Syrinx are, are considered spurious. The idylls depict the worlds of both myth and everyday life, mainly in mimetic form. Bucolic poems make up the largest group ( Eid. 1; 3–9; 11; 20; 27); they were initially received in…

Theognis

(613 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. in the 1st half of the 6th cent. BC in Megara (Greece); d. in the 2nd half of the 6th cent. BC; Greek elegiac poet. Works One thousand three hundred and eighty-nine verses are extant under the name of Theognis. It is doubtful that they are all the work of a single poet. At present, the collective works, known as Corpus Theognideum, are divided into two books. Book 1 (vv. 1–1230) consists of four parts: (1) addresses to gods (vv. 1–18); (2) Cymus poems (vv. 19–254), most likely the part by Theognis himself; (3) excerpts from other Greek elegiacs (vv. 255…

Theophilus of Antioch

(751 words)

Author(s): Prostmeier, Ferdinand
d. ca. AD 180–185 in Antioch on the Orontes; Christian Greek author. Works The only source of information on Theophilus’ life and work is his only extant work, the three books of An Autolykos/Ad Autolycum ( Autol. 2,24: origins in Mesopotamia; Autol. 1,14: adult baptism). According to Eusebius [7] ( Ecclesiastical History 4,20), he was appointed bishop of Antioch in 169. As book 3 of the chronicle of the world finishes with the regency of the recently dead Marcus Aurelius ( Autol. 3, 27f.), the work must have been written soon after 180, i.e. contemporary with the apologies …

Theophrastus

(2,271 words)

Author(s): Siede, Mechthild | Stein, Markus
b. 372/1 or 371/0 BC in Eresus (Lesbos); d. 288/7or 287/6 BC in Athens; Greek peripatetic philosopher and natural scientist; pupil and successor of Aristoteles [6] . Works The ancient register of his works demonstrates Theophrastus’ universality; however, of the 225 titles mentioned there, only a few are extant. In addition to his book on Characters, the only two major works to survive are the botanical books, Enquiry into Plants, and On the Causes of Plants. In addition, a number of minor treatises ( Opuscula) are also extant; these generally deal with individual problems. The…

Theopompus of Chios

(279 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. 378/7 BC on Chios; d. shortly after 320 BC; Greek historiographer; representative of the rhetorical school of historiography (alongside Ephorus of Cyme). Works His works (speeches, pamphlets, and historical writings) are extant only in fragments. Only his main work, the History of Philip (the Macedonian king Philippus [4]), can be reasonably well identified. About 370 fragments with approximately 500 lines of verbatim quotations are extant. Translation / Commentaries English translation of the FGrH with updated commentary in the online edition of Brill’s New J…

Thucydides

(455 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. ca. 460 BC in Athens; d. ca. 400 BC; Greek historian. Works Author of an unfinished monograph on the Peloponnesian War, in eight books. Papyri The papyri have contributed significantly to the evaluation of the medieval manuscripts. Translations The work was translated into vernacular languages as early as the 16th cent. Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Ὁ πόλεµος τῶν Πελοποννησίων καί Ἀθηναίων/Ho pólemos tôn Peloponnēsíōn kaí Athēnaíōn Historiae History of the Peloponnesian War betw. 421 and 400 BC Account of the Peloponnesian War (431–404…

Tibullus, Albius

(696 words)

Author(s): Horstmann, Henning
b. ca. 54–50 BC; d. ca. 19/18 BC; Roman elegiac poet. Works The Corpus Tibullianum consists of 4 books, but only the first two belong to Tibullus himself; the third and fourth books contain poems from the circle of M. Valerius [II 16] Messalla Corvinus (64 BC–AD 13), whose other members (besides Tibullus) included Ovidius , Lygdamus, and Sulpicia [4]. Manuscripts In total, approximately 150 manuscripts are extant, all of them are fairly young. The manuscripts have been poorly transmitted. Editions Most editions also include the spurious poems as book 3 (or 3 and 4). Translations Vernacular…

Timaeus of Tauromenium (Sicily)

(283 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. ca. 350 BC; d. shortly after 264 BC; Greek historian. Works His main work, extant only in fragments, depicts the history of Sicily from the mythical age to the death of Agathocles [2] (289/8 BC) within the context of the history of the western Greek sphere. The supplementary book, On Pyrrhus (also extant only in fragments), continues the historical account with the Pyrrhic War, and the period up to 264 BC (including the history of Rome). The work is well identifiable from 164 fragments. This is thanks to Diodorus [18] , who …