Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Jacobsen, Thorkild

(519 words)

Author(s): Foster, Benjamin Read
Danish archaeologist and Sumerologist. Born Copenhagen 7. 6. 1904, died Bradford, New Hampshire, 2. 5. 1993. Studied Semitic studies and Assyriology with Otto Emil Ravn and Svend Aage Pallis at Copenhagen, then in Chicago; 1927 MA; 1929 PhD from Univ. of Chicago. 1929–1937 took part in the Iraq expedition of the Oriental Institute at the Univ. of Chicago as philologist (at the invitation of Edward Chiera), conducting excavations at Khorsabad, Tell Asmar, Khafajah and Jerwan. 1937 instructor, 194…

Jacobsthal, Paul

(848 words)

Author(s): Frey, Otto-Herman
German archaeologist. Born Paul Ferdinand J., Berlin 23. 2. 1880, died Oxford 27. 10. 1957. 1898–1906 studied at Berlin, Göttingen and Bonn, doctorate 1906 Bonn. Volunteer at the Akademisches Kunstmuseum in Würzburg; 1906/07 DAI travel bursary (to Greece and Asia Minor). 1907/08 travel to Italy. From October 1908, assistant at Archaeological Institute at Göttingen, also priv.-doz. there from 1909. 1912–1935 prof. of archaeology at Marburg. 1935 emigration to Britain. 1937–1947 lecturer at Christ Church College, Oxford and 1947–1950 univ. reader in Celtic archaeology. Career, w…

Jacoby, Felix

(584 words)

Author(s): Baumgarten, Roland
German classical philologist. Born Magdeburg 19. 3. 1876, died Berlin 10. 11. 1959. 1894 studied classical philology at Freiburg i. Br., 1895/96 in Munich, 1896 in Berlin; doctorate 1900, habil. 1903, Berlin. From 1903, priv.-doz. at Breslau. 1906 prof. ext., from 1907 prof. ord. at Kiel. 1935 forced out of professorship. Emigrated to Oxford 1939. Back in Berlin from 1956. Life and works J. came from an entrepreneurial Jewish family, but he was baptized to ease his access to the Imperial education system. His meetings with Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff…

Jaeger, Werner

(1,327 words)

Author(s): Calder, William M. III
German-American classical philologist. Born Werner Wilhelm J., Lobberich (Viersen) 30. 7. 1888; died Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 19. 10. 1961. 1907–1911 studied classical philology, philosophy and theology at Berlin; doctorate in philology there 1911 and habil. 1914 prof. ext. in classical philology at Basel; 1915–1921 prof. ord. at Univ. of Kiel. From 1921 prof. ord. at Univ. of Berlin. 1936 emigration to the United States. From 1936, prof. of Greek studies and ancient philosophy at Univ. of Chicago; 1939–1960 prof. at Harvard. US citizen from 1943. 1925 co-founder of the Deutsc…

Jahn, Otto

(1,439 words)

Author(s): Müller, Carl Werner
German classical philologist, classical archaeologist and musicologist. Born Kiel 16. 6. 1813, died Göttingen 9. 9. 1869. Gelehrtenschule at Kiel, then Schulpforta (Naumburg). From 1831, studied at Univs. of Kiel, Leipzig and Berlin; 1836 doctorate at Kiel with entitlement to teach at the Univ. there. 1837–1839 Danish travel bursary for Paris and Italy. 1842 prof. ext. in philology and archaeology at Greifswald, 1845 prof. ord. there (after turning down an invitation to St. Petersburg). 1847 appointed to a chair…

Jebb, Richard Claverhouse

(798 words)

Author(s): Wenzel, Antonia
British classical philologist. Born Dundee 27. 8. 1841; died Cambridge 9. 12. 1905. Attended Charterhouse School in London; from 1858, student at Trinity College, Cambridge. 1862 Senior Classic; 1865 MA; 1865–1875 assistant tutor, from 1872 tutor. 1875–1889 prof. of Greek at Glasgow; 1889–1905 Regius Prof. of Greek at Cambridge; from 1892 also working at other univs. (Baltimore, Oxford). Member of various commissions, numerous honours from British and North American univs. (Harvard, Wales, Oxford, Dublin, Edinburgh, Glasgow). Knighted 1900; Order of Merit 1905. Career J., born…

Jensen, Peter

(381 words)

Author(s): Cancik-Kirschbaum, Eva
German Assyriologist. Born Peter Christian Albrecht J., Bordeaux, 16. 8. 1861, died Marburg/Lahn 16. 8. 1936. Studied theology at Univ. of Leipzig from 1880, changing to Oriental studies and Assyriology there with Friedrich Delitzsch, then at Berlin with Eberhard Schrader and Eduard Sachau. 1884 doctorate at Berlin; thereafter librarian at Kiel and Strasbourg. 1888 habil. and priv.-doz. at Univ. of Strasbourg. 1892–1928 prof. ord. at Marburg, succeeding Julius Wellhausen. Work and influence The main focus of J.’s work was the study of the Assyrian and Babylonian tra…