Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Natter, Lorenz

(813 words)

Author(s): Lang, Jörn
German gem cutter and medal maker. Born Biberach 21. 3. 1705, died St. Petersburg 27. 10. 1763. Probably attended school in Ulm; 1718–1724 trained as goldsmith in Biberach. Tour of Europe: learned the art of gem-cutting from Johannes Hug in Bern, then stayed at Venice (1730) and Florence (1732), where he was in the service of the Medici until 1735; attended Roman art academy of San Luca. Moved to Britain 1739/40; 1743 invited to the Danish court in Copenhagen, then returned temporarily to Britai…

Nauck, August

(514 words)

Author(s): Kaiser, Ronny
German classical philologist. Born Auerstedt (Merseburg) 18. 9. 1822, died Terijoki (now Zelenogorsk, Vyborg, now Leningrad Oblast, Russia) 3. 8. 1892. 1836–1841 Schulpforta; from 1841 studied classical philology at Halle; doctorate there 1846. 1847–1851 tutor in Dünamünde; 1852 Staatsexamen (teaching certificate) in Königsberg. From 1853 adjunct at Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium in Berlin. 1858/59 senior teacher at Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster, Berlin. 1859 prof. ext., from 1861 prof. ord. Member of the Academy of Sciences at St. Petersburg; 1869–1883 pr…

Nebrija, Elio Antonio de

(847 words)

Author(s): Thurn, Nikolaus
Aelius Antonius Nebrissensis; also Antonio de Lebrija etc. Spanish Humanist. Born Lebrija (province of Seville) in 1441 as Antonio Martínez de Cala y Jarava, died 2. or 4. 7. 1522 in Alcalá de Henares. 1459–1460 studied at Salamanca, 1460–1470 Bologna (theology). 1470–1473 in Seville in the service of the archbishop as tutor and secretary. 1473–1487 prof. of grammar and rhetoric at Salamanca. From 1488 in the service of the master of the order of Alcántara with various postings. 1504 secretary t…

Nesselhauf, Herbert

(429 words)

Author(s): Horst, Claudia
German ancient historian. Born Karlsruhe 26. 5. 1909, died Essen 2. 1. 1995. Studied in Freiburg and Berlin; doctorate 1932 at Freiburg. Engaged on the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL); habil. 1937 in Königsberg (East Prussia). 1946 appointed prof. ord. at Kiel; 1948 appointed to Freiburg. From 1964 member of the Academic Council. 1966 appointed to Konstanz and member of the univ. foundation committee there. 1968–1974 vice-president of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Retired 1975. Biography and works N. wrote his qualifying theses on Greek and Roman antiquity.…

Nestle, Wilhelm

(455 words)

Author(s): Kuhlmann, Peter
German classical philologist. Born Wilhelm Albrecht N., Stuttgart 16. 4. 1865, died there 18. 4. 1959. Studied classical philology at Tübingen and Berlin. 1889 doctorate in Tübingen. Schoolteacher and headmaster at Schwäbisch Hall, Heilbronn and Stuttgart; 1933 honorary prof. at Tübingen. Work and influence N. was born into a Protestant family that had produced several important theologians and philo-logists. His half-brother was the New Testament editor Eberhard N., and his son Walter became prof. of classical philology at Frankfurt. N. …

Nettleship, Henry

(451 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
British classical philologist. Born Kettering (Northamptonshire) 5. 5. 1839, died Oxford 10. 7. 1893. Private (public) school, then 1857 studied at Corpus Christi College, Oxford; 1862 fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford. From 1868, teacher at Harrow School in London; from 1873 fellow and lecturer at Christ Church College, 1878 prof. of Latin at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Work and influence After an excellent school education, N. began his studies at Oxford with a scholarship and proceeded to win several prizes. Although his 1861 degree was not remark…

Neugebauer, Otto

(426 words)

Author(s): Hunger, Hermann
Austrian-American historian of mathematics. Born Otto Eduard N., Innsbruck, 26. 5. 1899, died Princeton, New Jersey, 19. 2. 1990. Studied physics and mathematics at Graz, Munich and Göttingen; doctorate 1926 and habil. 1927, Göttingen. 1932 prof. ext. there, 1933 suspended by the National Socialists for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to Hitler. 1934 prof. at Copenhagen; 1939 emigration to the United States and prof. at Brown Univ. (Providence, Rhode Island), founding the Department for …

Newell, Edward T.

(517 words)

Author(s): Krmnicek, Stefan
American numismatist. Born Kenosha (Wisconsin, USA) 15. 1. 1886, died New York City 18. 2. 1941. 1903 studied at Yale Univ., taking his BA there 1907 and MA in 1909 (archaeology and Oriental languages). 1910 member of the council of the American Numismatic Society and its president in 1916. Member of several professional organizations. 1918 first winner of the Archer M. Huntington Medal of the American Numismatic Society; 1925 medal of the Royal Numismatic Society. Career, works and influence N. came from a family of industrialists who had achieved great wealth from the ma…

Newton, Charles Thomas

(737 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
British classical archaeologist and epigraphist. Baptized Clungunford (Shropshire) 15. 9. 1816, died Westgate-on-Sea (Kent) 28. 11. 1894. Studied at Christ Church College, Oxford; 1837 BA; 1840 MA. 1840–1852 assistant in the Department of Antiquities at the British Museum in London. 1852–1860 British vice-consul at Mytilene, 1853/54 on Rhodes; 1860 British consul at Rome. 1861–1885 Keeper of Greek and Roman Antiquities at the British Museum; 1880–1888 Yates Prof. of Archaeology at Univ. College,…