Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter van Möllendorff, Annette Simonis and Linda Simonis

The 96 contributions in Brill’s New Pauly Supplement 7: Historical Figures from Antiquity depict the survival of great characters from Antiquity to the modern world. Each article presents an overview of the latest research on what we know concerning the lives of the historical person or legendary figure and then recounts the reception of these figures throughout history, giving special attention on the viewpoints in the early modern and contemporary periods.

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Caesar

(7,796 words)

Author(s): Kofler, Wolfgang
( Gaius Iulius Caesar; Greek Καῖσαρ/ Kaîsar) A. Historical dimension C. (100–44 BC) was a Roman politician and general who played a decisive role in the end of the Roman Republic. Born into a patrician family, he was related via his mother to the leader of the populares, Marius, which led to conflicts with Sulla and the optimates and meant that C. made the first steps in his career outside Italy. For instance, C. served on the staff of the governor of the province of Asia, where his tasks included asking Nicomedes IV, the king of Bithynia, for mili…
Date: 2016-02-22

Caligula

(4,170 words)

Author(s): Weil, Katharina
( Gaius Iulius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; Greek Γάϊος/ Gáïos, Καλιγόλας/ Kaligólas) A. Historical dimension Gaius Julius Caesar, born AD 12 at Antium, the son of Agrippina and Germanicus and grandson of Augustus, was Roman Emperor from AD 37 to 41, succeding Tiberius, who had had him in his charge at Capri from AD 31 until his death. He acquired the nickname 'C.', a diminutive of  caliga (army boot), as a child in the military camp of his father (Suet. Cal. 9). After a number of failed conspiracies, C. was assassinated by the Praetorian prefects Cassiu…
Date: 2016-02-22

Camillus

(1,639 words)

Author(s): Eigler, Ulrich
( Marcus Furius Camillus; Greek Κάμιλλος/ Kámillos) A. Historical dimension The general and politician Marcus Furius C. was one of the most important figures in Roman history of the 4th cent. BC, although parts of his tradition are legendary. The discussion surrounding the historical nucleus of the legendary figure [04.]; [13.]; [14.382–407] refers to five main sources: Polybius (2,18: retreat of the Gauls), Diodorus Siculus (14,93; 14,117 on C.' dictatorships), Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Ant. Rom. 12,13–14,9), Livy (Books 5–6 and 7,1) and Plutarch in his vita of C. [05.] all…
Date: 2016-02-22

Catilina

(4,362 words)

Author(s): Maes, Yanick
( Lucius Sergius Catilina; Greek Κατιλίνας/ Katilínas) A. Historical dimension Lucius Sergius C. (108–62 BC) was a Roman of the Late Republic, born to a patrician family, who following the failure of his political career attempted a violent political uprising. The most important ancient sources on the figure and his life are Sallust's monograph  De coniuratione Catilinae, four speeches given against C. before the Roman senate and people by Cicero, and Plutarch's biographies of C.'s contemporaries, Caesar and Cicero. C. established his political and military career in t…
Date: 2016-02-22

Cato

(3,104 words)

Author(s): Schmitzer, Ulrich
( Marcus Porcius Cato 'the Younger', also Cato Uticensis; Greek Κάτων/ Kátōn) A. Historical dimension The Roman politician C., called 'the Younger' or C. Uticensis (95–46 BC) stands as an emblem of the downfall and retrospective greatness of the Roman Republic. The great-grandson of the  homo novus Cato Censorius (C. the Elder), C. proved an implacable champion of the interests of the Roman nobility, which made him the bitter enemy of Caesar (who for his part made fun of C.'s puritanical morality when the occasion arose: Plut. Cato Minor 24) when, as tribunus plebis designate in 63 BC,…
Date: 2016-02-22

Catullus

(3,774 words)

Author(s): Krasser, Helmut
( Gaius Valerius Catullus) A. Historical dimension Gaius Valerius C. ( c. 85–5 BC), a native of Verona, was the most important Roman poet of the late Republic. His works, amounting to approximately 2,300 lines, can be divided into three groups: the so-called polymetra (shorter poems in a variety of metres), the carmina maiora ('greater poems', which treat occasional and mythological subjects alike in highly complex forms and correspondingly diverse metres), and the epigrams in elegiac couplets (the brevity of which lends them a somewhat reflective character). As  poeta doctus ("lear…
Date: 2016-02-22