Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter van Möllendorff, Annette Simonis and Linda Simonis

The 96 contributions in Brill’s New Pauly Supplement 7: Historical Figures from Antiquity depict the survival of great characters from Antiquity to the modern world. Each article presents an overview of the latest research on what we know concerning the lives of the historical person or legendary figure and then recounts the reception of these figures throughout history, giving special attention on the viewpoints in the early modern and contemporary periods.

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Thales

(2,058 words)

Author(s): Guttzeit, Gero
(Θαλῆς Μιλήσιος/ Thalês Milḗsios; Latin Thales Milesius) A. Historical dimension T. of Miletus (624?–546? BC) was a mathematician, astronomer, founder of the Presocratic Milesian School and the first Greek natural philosopher. His dates are derived from his presumed active career before and after the solar eclipse he forecast (May 28, 585 BC; Hdt. 1,74) [09.126–150]; cf. [05.240–242]. It is unclear whether he was of Milesian or Phoenician background (Diog. Laert. 1,22; Hdt. 1,170). No writings by T. survive (testimonies in [13.]; DK 11; cf. [08.84–108]), and scholars dispute …
Date: 2016-02-22

Theoderic

(4,311 words)

Author(s): Dallapiazza, Michael
( Flavius Theodoricus; Greek Θευδερίχος/ Theuderíchos) A. Historical dimension T. the Great ( c. AD 455/53–526), son of King Theodemir of the Amali dynasty. He was king of the Ostrogoths from AD 474 (or 471?) and ruler of Italy ( rex Italiae) from 493 to 526. Following his father's confrontation with the Eastern Roman Emperor Leo I, he was held for ten years as a hostage at the Byzantine court. On his return from Constantinople, he waged war on his own account while his father still lived, his enemies including internal Gothic rivals l…
Date: 2016-02-22

Thusnelda

(2,726 words)

Author(s): Dolle, Katrin
(Θουσνέλδα/ Thousnélda) A. Historical dimension The Germanic T. was the daughter of Segestes, prince of the Cherusci, and sister of Segimundus (according to Str. 7,1,4; the only source to give her name). Arminius, her future husband, who was made a Roman equestrian, in AD 9 lured the general Varus with his three Roman legions into an ambush that became known as the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (Cass. Dio 56,18,2–4; Tac. Ann. 1,60,3), in an effort to prevent the incorporation of Germania as a Roman …
Date: 2016-02-22

Tiro

(1,075 words)

Author(s): Klimek, Sonja
A. Historical dimension ( Marcus Tullius Tiro; Greek Τίρων/ Tírōn) A. Historical dimension T. (b. c. 103 BC, possibly as late as 80 BC, d. 4 BC) was a Roman slave and later freedman of Cicero. He is primarily known for his edition of Cicero's works and for developing a form of shorthand that bears his name ( notae Tironianae, 'Tironian notes' [02.14 f.]) and continued to be used well into the Middle Ages. Born the son of a prisoner of war in the family of Cicero's grandfather, he knew Cicero, who was only slightly his senior (but cf. [08.]) from early childhood and grew up with him. He re…
Date: 2016-02-22

Titus

(3,844 words)

Author(s): Jung-Kaiser, Ute
( Imperator Caesar Titus Vespasianus Augustus; Greek Τίτος/ Títos) A. Historical dimension T. Flavius Vespasianus (AD 39–81) succeeded his father Vespasian on the Roman imperial throne (AD 79–81). He was educated in the literature and music and a master not only of what later became known as the liberal arts, but also of riding and swordsmanship, singing and playing the lyre. He knew Greek and was an outstanding orator [02.165 f.]. He is also said to have possessed natural charm, talent and intelligence [09.156 f.]. Before his accession, T. was known for his participation i…
Date: 2016-02-22