Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter van Möllendorff, Annette Simonis and Linda Simonis

The 96 contributions in Brill’s New Pauly Supplement 7: Historical Figures from Antiquity depict the survival of great characters from Antiquity to the modern world. Each article presents an overview of the latest research on what we know concerning the lives of the historical person or legendary figure and then recounts the reception of these figures throughout history, giving special attention on the viewpoints in the early modern and contemporary periods.

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Xanthippe

(5,253 words)

Author(s): Strobl, Wolfgang
(Ξανθίππη/ Xanthíppē; Latin Xanthippe) A. Historical dimension The ancient sources offer a very superficial and distorted picture of X., the wife of the Athenian philosopher Socrates, whose name indicates an aristocratic lineage. She was probably somewhat younger than her husband, by whom she had (at least) one son, Lamprocles. She stood by Socrates' side in the city prison before his execution (Pl. Phd. 60 a). Antisthenes calls X. the "most irksome" or "most difficult" woman ( c halepōtátē) ever to walk the earth past, present or future (Xen. Symp. 2,10). The anecdote…
Date: 2016-02-22

Xerxes

(2,865 words)

Author(s): Gödde, Susanne
(Ξέρξης/ Xérxēs; Old Persian Hšayāŗšā or Xšayāršā; Hebrew Achašweroš or Ahasveros; Latin Xerxes) A. Historical dimension The image that prevails today of the Persian Great King X. I (519–465 BC), the son of Darius I and Atossa who reigned from 486 BC until his death, is dominated by his campaigns against Greece. After putting down rebellions in 484 or 482 (dating uncertain [11.249]) in Egypt (Hdt. 7,5; 7,7) and Babylon (Hdt. 1,183), X. in 480/79 embarked on campaigns against the Greeks, following on from the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) fought and lost by …
Date: 2016-02-22