Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by : Manfred Landfester

For the thinkers, artists and scholars of the Renaissance, antiquity was a major source of inspiration; it provided renewed modes of scholarship, led to corrections of received doctrine and proved a wellspring of new achievements in almost every area of human life. The 130 articles in this volume cover not only well known figures of the Renaissance such as Copernicus, Dürer, and Erasmus but also overall themes such as architecture, agriculture, economics, philosophy and philology as well as many others.

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Academy

(2,279 words)

Author(s): Füssel, Marian (Göttingen)
A. Definition and ancient rootsWith the universities, academies were one of the most important European institutions for the organization of knowledge and culture [4]. At first, their members, who were scholars, writers and artists, founded academies on their own private initiative, setting out their own constitutions and programmes to regulate joint intellectual or aesthetic work. Later, public authorities and states also began to establish academies. Members of academies were (and still are) appointed by processes of co-option.The original A. was the school of philo…
Date: 2016-11-24

Agricola, Georg

(1,621 words)

Author(s): Naumann, Friedrich (Chemnitz)
A. Life Georg A. was a versatile German Humanist, scientist and founder of mineralogy. He was born on March 24, 1494 in Glauchau (Saxony), as Georg Pawer/Bauer (Latinized to Georgius Agricola), son of a clothmaker and dyer, and died on November 21, 1555 in Chemnitz. A. studied at Glauchau and Chemnitz, and was acquainted with the Humanists Stephan Roth and Valentin Hertel. He matriculated in 1514 at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Leipzig, studying with Erasmus' pupil Richard Croke, professor of Greek, and the Humanist and philologist Petrus Mosellanus (Schade). He graduated Ba…
Date: 2016-11-24

Agricola, Rudolf

(1,544 words)

Author(s): Liebermann, Wolf-Lüder (Gießen)
A. LifeRodolphus A. (Phrisius) was a Dutch Humanist, born on February 17, 1444 or around August 28, 1443 [7.10–12] in Baflo near Groningen, as Roelof Huusman/Huysman (mother's name; A. is the Latinized form). He died on October 27/28, 1485 in Heidelberg. He was the illegitimate son of the pastor and Benedictine abbot Hendrik Vries. After schooling in Groningen 1456–1458, A. studied  artes at University of Erfurt, then mostly at Leuven, where he took a master's degree. He later (probably from 1468) went to Italy. At Pavia, he first studied law before turning back to studia humanitatis. Th…
Date: 2016-11-24

Agricultural writings

(2,175 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred (Gießen)
A. Concept and ancient foundationsAgricultural writings are the corpus of agrarian knowledge that was formulated and passed down in written form before the advent of institutions. Until the 18th cent., the basis for the tradition was 6 texts from Latin Antiquity:(1) De agricultura ('On Agriculture') by Marcus Porcius Cato the Elder, a collection of instructions in artless early Latin (1st half of 2nd cent. BC); (2) De re rustica ('On Agriculture', 3 books) by Marcus Terentius Varro, a manual of agriculture lent life as literature by its use of the dialogue form…
Date: 2016-11-24