Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by : Manfred Landfester

For the thinkers, artists and scholars of the Renaissance, antiquity was a major source of inspiration; it provided renewed modes of scholarship, led to corrections of received doctrine and proved a wellspring of new achievements in almost every area of human life. The 130 articles in this volume cover not only well known figures of the Renaissance such as Copernicus, Dürer, and Erasmus but also overall themes such as architecture, agriculture, economics, philosophy and philology as well as many others.

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Natural history

(4,125 words)

Author(s): Ogilvie, Brian W. (Amherst, Massachusetts)
A. Concept and originsRenaissance Humanists understood the word 'history' in a wider sense than today [31], and the term 'N.', first attested in the 16th cent. and translating the Latin historia naturalis, denotes the research and study of organisms and phenomena of nature. There was no exact equivalent in Antiquity for the early modern discipline that became known as N. Instead, Greek and Roman N., which was mainly an accumulation of traditional lore, though sometimes also the results of systematic studies, was transmitted t…
Date: 2016-11-24