Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by : Manfred Landfester

For the thinkers, artists and scholars of the Renaissance, antiquity was a major source of inspiration; it provided renewed modes of scholarship, led to corrections of received doctrine and proved a wellspring of new achievements in almost every area of human life. The 130 articles in this volume cover not only well known figures of the Renaissance such as Copernicus, Dürer, and Erasmus but also overall themes such as architecture, agriculture, economics, philosophy and philology as well as many others.

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Palace architecture

(1,808 words)

Author(s): Erben, Dietrich (München)
A. Definition and building type The word 'palace' and its cognates in the various languages of Europe, which were used synonymously with other terms (Italian palazzo with  casa; French  palais with  hôtel; German Palast/Pallas overlapping with  Burg,  Schloss,  Residenz, Kastell) is derived from the name of the Palatine Hill ( mons Palatinus) in Rome, which under the late Republic became the preferred residential area for the wealthy urban elite (e.g. House of Augustus), and where from the 1st cent. AD the palaces of the Roman Emperors were b…
Date: 2016-11-24

Palladio, Andrea

(1,899 words)

Author(s): Gáldy, Andrea M. (München)
A. Life and workThe Italian architect and architectural theorist Andrea P. was born Andrea di Piero della Gondola on November 30, 1508 at Padua, and died at Vicenza on August 19, 1580. He chose the name Palladio, probably in allusion to Pallas Athene, the Greek goddess of practical wisdom, on the initiative of his patron, the poet and Humanist Gian Giorgio Trissino. After training as a stonemason in Padua, he lived from 1524 in Vicenza, where he was a member of the stonemasons' guild and where Tris…
Date: 2016-11-24

Petrarch

(3,461 words)

Author(s): Wolfzettel, Friedrich (Frankfurt am Main)
A. Life and work A.1. YouthThe Italian poet, philosopher and Humanist Francesco Petrarca (called P.), was born on July 20, 1304 at Arezzo, where his father, a Florentine notary and friend of Dante’s had been exiled in 1302 (probably not for political reasons). P. died on the night of July 18/19, 1374 in Arquà (now called Arquà Petrarca) near Padua. The main source for his life is his autobiographical sketch Epistola posteritati (‘Epistle to Posterity’; c. 1370; cf. Epistolae seniles 18,1) [14.871–889]; [12]; [37.40–145] (Autobiography).After twice moving within Tuscany, the fam…
Date: 2016-11-24