Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by : Manfred Landfester

For the thinkers, artists and scholars of the Renaissance, antiquity was a major source of inspiration; it provided renewed modes of scholarship, led to corrections of received doctrine and proved a wellspring of new achievements in almost every area of human life. The 130 articles in this volume cover not only well known figures of the Renaissance such as Copernicus, Dürer, and Erasmus but also overall themes such as architecture, agriculture, economics, philosophy and philology as well as many others.

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Satire

(2,369 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred (Gießen)
A. Concept and ancient origins S., defined as a principle of literary and artistic performance characterized by comedy, polemic, mockery, irony and exaggeration, can be associated with all conceivable genres of literature and art. At the same time, S. has become established as a literary  term primarily in reference to the verse S. that was written in the metre of the dactylic hexameter in ancient Rome and that survived as a genre with fluctuating metres until the 18th cent. The form of the so-called Menippean S. of Antiquity ( Satura Menippea, after the Cynic poet Menippus of Gadara,…
Date: 2016-11-24

Scepticism

(2,072 words)

Author(s): Weichenhan, Michael (Berlin)
A. Concept and general characteristics The term  scepticus is the neo-Latin form of a term that originated with Diogenes Laertius (9,69) for followers of the Greek philosopher Pyrrhon of Elis ( c. 300 BC), to whom a specific form of sceptical philosophy was already attributed in Antiquity. Latinizations of other Greek terms for proponents of this philosophy also remained even longer in use (e.g. aporeticus, zeteticus, epheticus) [29.105].The early modern use of the term S. (usually not including exponents of the Academic S. pursued at the Platonic Academy fro…
Date: 2016-11-24

School

(4,519 words)

Author(s): Fuchs, Thorsten (Gießen)
A. DefinitionThe dawn of the early modern period saw a "process of fundamental change" [8.74]; [33.197] in the S. as an institution and in the imparting of knowledge. Schooling (Education) increasingly had to serve political and social needs. At the same time, changes to the goals of Humanist education led to improvements in the quality of S.s [8.74 f.]. As monastery and cathedral S.s waned in importance in the Late Middle Ages, the schooling of children and young people increasingly passed to urban institutions (and later princely S.s), from the …
Date: 2016-11-24

Sculpture

(5,887 words)

Author(s): Ruby, Sigrid (Gießen)
A. Specifications of the genre A.1. Techniques and materials With architecture and painting, S. stands as the third great artistic genre. Its defining quality is three-dimensionality. Technical distinctions are made between subtractive S. that is hewn, cut or carved out of a raw material (e.g. stone, wood, ivory) and additive S. that is cast in metal (e.g. bronze) or formed from clay, wax, plaster, gold or other materials. Colour can be added to all these types, and in some periods it was usua…
Date: 2016-11-24