Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by : Manfred Landfester

For the thinkers, artists and scholars of the Renaissance, antiquity was a major source of inspiration; it provided renewed modes of scholarship, led to corrections of received doctrine and proved a wellspring of new achievements in almost every area of human life. The 130 articles in this volume cover not only well known figures of the Renaissance such as Copernicus, Dürer, and Erasmus but also overall themes such as architecture, agriculture, economics, philosophy and philology as well as many others.

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University

(3,128 words)

Author(s): Füssel, Marian (Göttingen)
A. Structures and participantsThe universities in Europe, which began to form in the 12th cent., were a corporate and privileged personal association of teachers and learners. At first, they came into being ex consuetudine, 'from custom'. The universitas at Bologna, for instance, emerged gradually as a corporation with special rights out of private law schools driven by the students themselves, while that at Paris did so from clerical schools under the direction of masters. Their members swore oaths to uphold common rules and laws …
Date: 2016-11-24