Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

Get access Subject: Classical Studies

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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2.8.11. Pantelleria

(750 words)

Author(s): Schäfer, Thomas
Pantelleria is a semiarid volcanic island in the Strait of Sicily. It has an area of 82 km2 and is located 110 km west of Sicily and 70 km east of  Cap Bon (Tunisia). Its location at the shortest crossing between Africa and Italy and between the eastern and western Mediterranean made Pantelleria strategically and economically an ideal bridgehead between cultures. Evidence of the export of Pantelleria obsidian is found across the entire central Mediterranean from the 3rd millennium on [7]; [8]. The earliest settlement, on a promontory in the west of the island (Mursia), w…
Date: 2018-08-16

2.5.9. Peloponnese

(4,670 words)

Author(s): Eder, Birgitta
A. Overview [German source] The peninsula of the Peloponnese (Greek  Pelopónnēsos) forms the southern part of the Greek mainland. In its northeast, the region of the Argolid was one of the heartlands of  Mycenaean culture, centred around the eponymous site of  Mycenae (BNP Atlas 27). The period from 1200 to 700 was a crucial phase, as LBA Mycenaean palace culture transformed into the world of EIA Greek poleis and tribal states ( ethne).There were several Mycenaean  palaces on the Peloponnese. These functioned as regional political and economic centres for a redistrib…
Date: 2018-08-16