Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

Get access Subject: Classical Studies

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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2.5.13. Knossos

(1,508 words)

Author(s): Matthäus, Hartmut
A. Name and chronological context [German source] Knossos (Linear B: Ko-no-so, Greek Knōsós) was a  Minoan and Mycenaean palace complex with a surrounding urban settlement in northern central  Crete (2.5.12.). The destruction of the palace around 1350 (LM IIIA) heralded a phase of decline, which continued through LM IIIC (12th cent.; BNP Atlas 27, 33). However, Knossos and  Phaestus are the only ancient Minoan palace complexes that were continuously inhabited until the historical period and whose urban development culminated in the consolidation of a p…
Date: 2018-08-16