Brill’s New Pauly

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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Beth Shemesh

(149 words)

Author(s): Liwak, Rüdiger (Berlin)
[German version] The Hebrew (Sam. 1 6; Kgs 2 14,11) term (‘house of the sun’) probably refers to veneration of the sun god (Jos. 19,41). The name is preserved in the Arab village Ain Šams (‘source of the sun’) that earlier lay east of Tall ar-Rumaila (‘the sandy ground’), with which the ancient Beth Shemesh (BS) is to be identified. 20 km west of Jerusalem, BS had a geographically advantageous and trade-oriented location. After settlement in the middle of the Bronze Age, the place enjoyed an initial intercultural upsurge in the late Bronz…

Betriacum

(111 words)

Author(s): Susini, Giancarlo (Bologna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Batavian Revolt Vicus (‘Village settlement’; Tac. Hist. 2,23: Bedriacum; Iuv. 2,106: Bebriacum) in the Transpadana, somewhat west of Ollius, where it is joined further up by the Clasis, on the via Postumia (between Cremona and Mantua), near Calvatone (province of Cremona). Two battles took place here in AD 69, between Otho and Vitellius and between Vitellius and Antonius Primus (Vespasianus). Archaeological finds: coins, terra sigillata, other ceramics, amphorae. Susini, Giancarlo (Bologna) Bibliography G. M. Facch…

Betting

(669 words)

Author(s): Müller, Stefan (Hagen)
[German version] A. Greece For Greece, documentary evidence of betting (περίδοσις, perídosis) is very rare; modern research does not concern itself with betting within the Greek sphere. Mostly, the evidence consists of forms of affirmation with the aim of emphasizing the truthfulness of a statement, e.g. Hom. Od. 23,78: ‘I pledge my life on this’ (περιδιδόναι/ perididónai), ‘I'll wager my life’; similar in Aristoph. Ach. 772; 1115; Aristoph. Equ. 791; Aristoph. Nub. 644. There is only a single piece of evidence of a sporting bet (Hom. Il. 23,485: ‘I'll wager ( perididónai) you a tripo…

Beverages

(495 words)

Author(s): Gutsfeld, Andreas (Münster)
[German version] In antiquity there were countless types of drinks depending on the time and region and they were drunk undiluted, mixed together or mixed with additives (fat, spices, sweet substances), hot or cold. They can be divided into three groups according to their basic components: 1. Beverages made of water. Water (Plin. HN 31,31-72) was an indispensable nutritional substance (Pind. Ol. 1,1; Vitr. De arch. 8,1,1; Plin. HN 31,31-72) and also an essential component of two important drinks c…

Bezereos

(91 words)

Author(s): Huß, Werner (Bamberg)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Limes Castellum at the limes Tripolitanus, east of the Chott el-Djerid, modern Sidi Mohammed ben Aïssa (near Bir Rhezen; it was occupied at the latest since Commodus (AD 180-192) (Inscr. latines d'Afrique 26), and, in AD 201, accommodated a vexillatio of the legio III Augusta (Inscr. latines d' Afrique 27). Epigraphical evidence: Inscr. latines d'Afrique 26-32; Inscr. latines de la Tunisie 56-59; It. Ant. 74,5; Not. Dign. occ. 31,5; 31,20. Huß, Werner (Bamberg) Bibliography P. Trousset, s.v. B., EB, 1487f.
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