Brill’s New Pauly

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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Darius Painter

(180 words)

Author(s): Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg)
[German version] Apulian vase painter working c. 340/320 BC, named after the main figure on the  Darius Crater. On the vessels he painted (including voluted craters, lutrophoroi, amphorae), some of which are monumental, he generally depicted scenes from classical tragedies (Euripides) and themes from Greek myth; some of these are only documented through his work. Other vases show scenes depicting weddings, women and Eros, as well as Dionysian motifs and rare sepulchral representations ( Naiskos vases). His tendency to name people and representations in inscriptions ( Persai, Pat…

Dark Ages

(1,639 words)

Author(s): Deger-Jalkotzy, Sigrid (Salzburg)
[German version] [1] (1200-800 BC) (1200-800 BC) Deger-Jalkotzy, Sigrid (Salzburg) [German version] A. Definition Since the end of the 19th cent., the term Dark Ages (DA), coined by English speaking scholars, characterizes the time from the decline of the Mycenaean palaces c. 1200 to the beginning of the ‘Homeric Period’, i.e. the early archaic period of Greece in the 8th cent. BC. Archaeologically, the DA comprise the following periods: Late Helladic (LH) III C = Mycenaean III C (12th and early 11th cent.), sub-Mycenaean (early to mid…

Dascusa

(138 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Δασκοῦσα; Daskoûsa). City and fortress on the Euphrates limes in Cappadocia (strategia Melitene) on the border to Armenia minor (Plin. HN 5,84; 6,27; Oros. 1,2,23; Ptol. 5,6,19; 21 erroneously distinguishes D. and Dagusa), later counted as part of Armenia II, on the Satala-Melitene road (It. Ant. 209,3), located near Ağın, Elazığ. In the 4th cent., the Ala Auriana is stationed there (Not. Dign. Or. 38,22). Fortified settlement hill and late-antique fortress (Pağnık Öreni) [1; 2; 3]. The military camp was established in AD 80/82 [4]. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Biblio…

Dascylium

(605 words)

Author(s): Drew-Bear, Thomas (Lyon) | Bakir-Akbasoglu, Tomris (Izmir)
(Δασκύλειον, Δασκύλιον; Daskýleion, Daskýlion). [German version] [1] City in Bithynia City in Bithynia, member of the  Delian League, whose name is thought to be contained in the place name Eşkel Liman (today Esence) on the coast of the Propontis west of Apamea Myrleia (Plin. HN 5,143; Steph. Byz. s.v. Brýllion). Drew-Bear, Thomas (Lyon) Bakir-Akbasoglu, Tomris (Izmir) [German version] [2] Settlement on the south-east shore of Lake Daskylitis This item can be found on the following maps: Achaemenids | Xenophon | Diadochi and Epigoni | Alexander | H…

Dascylus

(133 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Berne)
(Δάσκυλος; Dáskylos). [German version] [1] Son of Tantalus and Anthemoisia Son of Tantalus and Anthemoisia, father of Lycus, king of the Mariandyni in Bithynia (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 2,724; 752). D. or his son Lycus amiably received  Heracles as a guest during his travels when he was searching for Hippolyte's belt. In return, Hercules helped them to subjugate the neighbouring peoples (Apoll. Rhod. 2,775-791; Apollod. 2,100). Bloch, René (Berne) [German version] [2] Son of Lycus Son of Lycus, grandson of D. [1]. His father offered him to the  Argonauts as a travel guide.…

Dasius

(188 words)

Author(s): Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich)
Messapic name in Lat. form (Schulze, 39, 44; ThlL Onom. s.v. D.). Respected bearers of that name in Apulia (in particular from Arpi and Sala) were still anti-Roman during the Second Punic War. Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) [German version] [1] Commander of Clastidium against Hannibal D. from Brundisium, in 218 BC commander of the allied occupation forces of  Clastidium with large Roman stores which he betrayed to Hannibal after the victory at the Ticinus for 400 pieces of gold (Pol. 3,69; Liv. 21,48). Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) [German version] [2] Leader of the pro-Carthaginian p…

Dassaretia

(203 words)

Author(s): Šašel Kos, Marjeta (Ljubljana)
[German version] Region in southern Illyricum near the western border of Macedonia (Liv. 42,36,9; cf. Plin. HN 3,145; 4,3; Mela 2,55; Str. 7,5,7; 5,12; Steph. Byz. s.v. D.) between the kingdoms of the Illyrians and the Macedonians, from the Lychnidus lacus (today Lake Ohrid; Ptol. 3,13,32; Liv. 43,9,7) to Antipatrea (today Berati, Albania) along the upper (H)apsus (Semani, Albania). Scerdilaedas and Philip V fought in 217 BC for the cities of Antipatrea, Chrysondyon and Gertus (Polyb. 5,108); otherwise, only vici and castella are mentioned. D. was conquered by Philip. In 20…

Dasumia

(67 words)

[German version] [1] Possibly wife of Calvisius [4] Possibly wife of Calvisius [4]. Bibliography Syme, RP 5, 526f. [German version] [2] D. Polla, wife of Domitius [II 25] D. Polla. Mentioned in CIL VI 10229 and AE 1976, 77 [= 1] (cf. AE 1978, 16). Probably wife of Domitius [II 25] and possibly of Tullius Varro. Bibliography 1 W. Eck, in: ZPE 30, 1978, 277ff. 2 Syme, RP 5, 521ff.

Dasumius

(232 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] see Domitius [II 25] Reputedly testator in the will handed down by CIL VI 10229; a new fragment (AE 1976, 77 = AE 1978, 16) shows that this is not the case [1]. Cf. Domitius, [II 25]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Zum neuen Fragment des sogenannten Testamentum Dasumii, in: ZPE 30, 1978, 277ff. [German version] [2] (L.D.) Hadrianus Procos. Asiae c. 106/7 AD Probably from Cordoba; cos. suff in 93, proconsul Asiae c. 106/107 [1; 2; 3]. Presumably related to Dasumia [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Vidman FO2, 44, 85 2 W. Eck, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 43 3 …

Datames

(141 words)

(Hypocoristic of Old Persian * Datamithra-). Son of the Carian Kamisares, satrap of southern Cappadocia, and a Paphlagonian princess, served at the court of  Artaxerxes [2] II and took part in the Cadusian war. After his father's death, D. became satrap of southern Cappadocia. His power grew until he finally administered the whole of Cappadocia for the Persians. He distinguished himself during the subjugation of Paphlagonia and Cataonia and was named as the commander of the army assembled against Egy…

Dataphernes

(70 words)

Author(s): Kuhrt, Amélie (London) | Sancisi-Weerdenburg, Helen (Utrecht)
[German version] (Old Persian * Datafarnah-). Sogdian who, together with  Spitamenes, handed  Bessus over to Alexander the Great (329 BC); took part in the uprising against Alexander until the  Dahae handed him over to Alexander as a prisoner (328/7 BC). Sources: Arr. Anab. 4,1,5; 4,17,7; Curt. 7,5,21; 8,3,1-16. Kuhrt, Amélie (London) Sancisi-Weerdenburg, Helen (Utrecht) Bibliography F. Holt, Alexander the Great and Bactria, 1989, 52, 65 M. Mayrhofer, Onomastica Persepolitana, 1973, 149, no. 8.367.

Dates

(4 words)

see  Horticulture

Datetae

(140 words)

Author(s): Thür, Gerhard (Graz)
[German version] (Δατηταί; Datētaí). ‘Dividers’, i.e. private arbiters in Athens, chosen by the parties, who presided over disputes amongst joint heirs. The procedure was initiated by private litigation for a division into shares, δίκη εἰς δατητῶν αἵρεσιν (Aristot. Ath.Pol. 56,6), against a joint heir who objected to a compromise. Usually, the archon was responsible for accepting the litigation while the Polemarch was responsible in exceptional cases if the litigation was directed against a metic (…

Datianus

(127 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin)
[German version] Friend of Libanius (Lib. Ep. 409; 441 and passim). Initially, he was notarius (Lib. Or. 42,24f.), served under Constantine [1] the Great, was later an adviser of Constantius II (Lib. Ep. 114; 490). He became patricius and in AD 358 consul. As comes, in 346, he attempted to persuade Athanasius to return to Alexandria (Athan. Hist. Ar. 22). In 351, he was on the committee which had to decide on Photinus' heresy (Epiphany, adv. haer. 71). In 364, he was part of emperor Jovian's entourage (Philostorgius Hist. eccl. 8,8). He r…

Dating

(8 words)

see  Manuscripts;  Papyri;  Writing, styles of

Dating systems

(5 words)

see  Chronology

Datis

(41 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Δάτις; Dátis). Tragedian from Thoricus, son of Carcinus (Aristoph. Pax 289ff. with schol. R V; see also TrGF 21); D. is perhaps a nickname for Xenocles (TrGF 33), see also [1. 283-285]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 TrGF 34.

Daton

(45 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Δάτον, Δάτος; Dáton, Dátos). Thracian region north-east of the Pangaeum mountains; here we find the Thasian mining colony of Crenides which was conquered c. 356 BC by Philip II and was absorbed into the newly founded Philippi. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)

Daulis, Daulia

(256 words)

Author(s): Daverio Rocchi, Giovanna (Milan)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Macedonia, Macedones (Δαυλίς , Δαυλία; Daulís, Daulía). City in eastern Phocis, c. 1 km south of modern Davleia. Its location on one of the foothills of the Parnassus made access to it naturally difficult and gave it strategic importance because both the narrow pass between the lower and upper Cephissus valley as well as the road from  Chaeronea to  Delphi could be controlled by it (Hell. Oxy. 13,5; Liv. 32,18,7). Etymologically, its name is derived from …

Daunia

(323 words)

Author(s): de Vido, Stefania (Venice)
[German version] (Δαυνία; Daunía). The region of D. roughly coincides with the northern part of today's Apulia; eventually incorporated into the regio II (Plin. HN 3,103), its extent however cannot be defined easily. In view of the importance of rivers for ancient geography, it can be assumed that the border in the north was the Fortore (Fertor in Ptol. 3,1,14), and the Ofanto ( Aufidus at Plin. HN 3,103-105) in the south (Hor. Sat. 2,1,34f.: at Venusia as a border city; cf. also Mela 2,66; Str. 6,3,8; Pol. 3,88). In contrast to the historically unimportant coastal ranges of the mons Garganus,…
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