Brill’s New Pauly

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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Tarphe

(48 words)

Author(s): Daverio Rocchi, Giovanna (Milan)
[German version] (Τάρφη/ Tárphē). City in eastern Locris (Hom. Il. 2,533); according to  Str. 9,4,6  the original place name of Pharygae (cf. Steph. Byz. s. v. Τ.; s. v. Φαρύγαι; s. v. Θρόνιον). Location unknown. Daverio Rocchi, Giovanna (Milan) Bibliography E. W. Kase et al., The Great Isthmus Corridor Route, vol. 1, 1991, 88.

Tarquinii

(779 words)

Author(s): Camporeale, Giovannangelo (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria | Villanova Culture | Etrusci, Etruria | Etrusci, Etruria | Italy, languages | Colonization (Tarquinia, Etruscan Tarch(u)na). Etruscan city on the left bank of the Marta, c. 8 km from the coast. The ancient city was on the high plateau Pian di Civita, 4 km SE of the modern Tarquinia. The oldest finds are from the 13th/12th cents. BC; in the 9th-8th cents. (Villanova Culture), the large number of graves (Pozzetto tombs, mostly cremations; urns bic…

Tarquinius

(1,599 words)

Author(s): Schirmer, Brigitte | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] [1] Nomen gentile The name T. is the Latinized form of an Ancient Etruscan nomen gentile * tarq/χ u-na, from which the Latin name was derived by means of the -i̯o suffix inherited from the indo-European basic form. In Etruscan itself, the name in the form tarq/χ una is not attested; instances of a basic form * tarq/χ-  from the Archaic period are rare (cf. perhaps tarχ umenaia [1. 251, Cl 2.8], tarχ elnas [1. 86, Vs 1.2]). Inherited forms occur in Late Etruscan in the nomina gentilia tarcna/tarχ na ( cf. tarcnai, tar χ nas from the Tomba delle Iscrizioni, Caere, CIE 5907-5974; t…

Tarquitius

(422 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Haase, Mareile (Toronto) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman nomen gentile of Etruscan origin (in Antiquity probably seen as a variant of Tarquinius , cf. Fest. 496). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] T. Priscus Technical author, 1st cent. BC? Latin writer perhaps of the 1st cent. BC (cf. Verg. Catal. 5,3); mentioned in Macrobius [1] (Sat. 3,20,3; 5. cent. BC) as the author of an ostentarium arborarium (Etrusci, Etruria III with ill. on Etrusca disciplina), probably an ordered and annotated list of trees and shrubs ( arbores) of significance in divination. T. may also be meant in Plin. HN 2; …

Tarracina

(210 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Socii (Roman confederation) | Tribus | | Coloniae Originally Anxur (Liv. 4,59,4), a city of the Ausoni and the Volsci on a rocky promontory on the coast of Latium Adiectum, modern Terracina (Latina). Conquered in 406 BC by the Romans who established a colonia maritima ( Coloniae C.) there in 329 BC. T. was linked to Rome in 312 BC by a stretch of the via Appia ( decumanus maximus). Municipium of the tribus Oufentina. The city wall survives, as does the 'Forum Aemilianum' (paved by Aulus Aemilius, modern P…

Tarraco

(531 words)

Author(s): Stepper, Ruth
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Caesar | Christianity | Wine | | Coloniae | Commerce | Hispania, Iberia | Limes | Punic Wars | Pyrenean peninsula | Rome | Rome (Ταρράκων/ Tarrákōn). City on the east coast of the Iberian peninsula (earliest mention in Avien. Ora Maritima 512 ff.; Eratosth. in Str. 3,4,7; cf. Plin. HN 3,18; 23; 110; Ptol. 2,6,17; It. Ant. 391,1), modern Tarragona. The city was built in terraces on a sandstone-rock of 160 m height with a harbour to the south west whose bay is sho…

Tarrutius

(74 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] T., L. from Firmum Picenum, an accomplished astrologer (author of Greek technical works: Plin. HN Index 18) and philosopher in the 1st cent. BC. For his friend M. Terentius Varro [2] T. drew up the horoscope of Romulus [1] and calculated the day of the founding of Rome, the future fate of which he prognosticated (Cic. Div. 2,98; Plut. Romulus 12,3-6; Manil. 4,773; Solin. 1,18;  Lydus, Mens. 1,14). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Tarsatica

(62 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Liburnian coastal city on the road from Aquileia [1] to Siscia (Plin. HN 3,140; Tab. Peut. 5,1 f.;  It. Ant. 273: Tharsatico), modern Trsat to the east of Rijeka. Oppidum, tribus Sergia ( duoviri, decuriones: CIL III, 3027-3029). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography J. Šašel, s. v. Alpium Iuliarum Claustra, RE Suppl. 13, 11-14.

Tarsus

(522 words)

Author(s): Hild, Friedrich (Vienna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sassanids | Byzantium | Christianity | Xenophon | Zenobia | | Alexander | Commerce | Ḫattusa | Hellenistic states | Asia Minor | Limes | Phoenicians, Poeni | Pilgrimage | Pompeius | Rome | Rome | Aegean Koine | Education / Culture (Ταρσός/ Tarsós, Ταρσοί/ Tarsoí, Latin Tarsus). City with river port in the west of Cilicia Pedias on the lower Cydnus, modern Tarsus in Turkey. T. was located on the route from Antiochia [1] through the Cilician Gates [1] to the western coast of Asia Minor, to Co…

Tartaros

(389 words)

Author(s): Schlapbach, Karin (Zürich)
[German version] (ὁ Τάρταρος/ ho Tártaros, τὰ Τάρταρα/ tà Tártara; Lat. Tartarus). According to Homer and Hesiodus, the T. is the gloomy and fusty prison of the Titans into which they were locked after their defeat against Zeus (Hes. Theog. 729 f.). The T. lies as deeply below Hades as heaven is distant from earth (Hom. Il. 8,16; cf. Hes. Theog. 720). It is surrounded by a bronze wall with iron gates (Hom. Il. 8,15; Hes. Theog. 726; in Verg. Aen. 6,549-551 a triple wall with the waters of the Phlegeton [2]…

Tartarus

(90 words)

Author(s): Buchi, Ezio (Verona)
[German version] River in Venetia, which flows into the sea at Atria (Plin. HN 3,121), modern Tartaro. Its lower reaches used the original bed of the Padus (Po) and was drained by the Fossa Philistina. Caecina [II 1] camped in the protection of the swamps near Hostilia in the autumn of 69 AD, before leading his army against Antonius [II 13] Primus (Tac. Hist. 3,9,1). Buchi, Ezio (Verona) Bibliography A. M. Rossi Aldrovandi, Le operazioni militari lungo il Po, 1983  M. Calzolari, Le operazioni militari a Ostiglia, in: Quaderni di Archeologia del Mantovano 1, 1999, 85-121.

Tartessus

(712 words)

Author(s): Blech, Michael (Madrid)
[German version] (Τάρτησσος; Tártēssos). According to classical tradition, T. was a city or kingdom in Southern Spain. The culture of the end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the early Iron Age of Southern Spain with a core domain (Lower Guadalquivir Valley and the region surrounding Huelva) and a peripheral zone between Cap de la Nao in the east and Rio Guadiana in the west is called Tartessian culture. Its development is stamped by eastern Mediterranean influences: in the 9th cent. BC by Ph…

Taruenna

(4 words)

see Tervanna

Tarus

(52 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Right-bank tributary of the Padus (modern Po), modern Taro (126 km long). It rises in the Ligurian Appenninus and flows through Forum Novum; it was crossed by the Via Aemilia  (where the Ad Tarum road station was: It. Burd. 616,14) and into the Padus at Parma [1]. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Tarusates

(93 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Celtic people in Aquitania, probably to the north of Aire-sur-l'Adour (in the département of Landes). The T. were subjugated in 56 BC by Licinius [I 16]  (Caes. Gall. 3,23,1; 27,1). The identification with the Toruates (in Plin. HN 4,108) is correctly rejected by [1], that with the Aturenses, who were around Aire-sur-l'Adour from the time of Augustus, is a hypothesis. Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography 1 P.-M. Duval, Les peuples de l'Aquitaine d'après la liste de Pline, in: RPh 29, 1955, 214-227. M. Provost, Carte Archéologique de la Gaule 40, Les Lan…

Tarusco

(74 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)
[German version] [1] City in Gallia Narbonensis City in Gallia Narbonensis in the territory of the Salluvii (Str. 4,1,3; 12: Ταρούσκων; Ptol. 2,10,15), modern Tarascon. Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) Bibliography A. L. F. Rivet, Gallia Narbonensis, 1988, 300. [German version] [2] City in the territory of the Volcae Tectosages City in the territory of the Volcae Tectosages on the northern slopes of the Pyrenees (Pyrene [2]; Plin. HN 3,37), modern Tarascon sur Ariège. Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)

Taruttienus Paternus

(94 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] The Roman jurist P. Taruttienus (Taruntenus) Paternus was the head of the chancellery ab epistulis Latinis in AD 171-173 and praetorian prefect under Marcus [II 2] Aurelius (Cass. Dio 71,12,3; 71,33,3) beginning in 177. After the latter's death, T. was relieved of his office about AD 182 and executed for high treason (SHA Comm. 4,7 f.). T. wrote the first legal work on the military ( De re militari, 4 books). Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography O. Lenel, Palingenesia iuris civilis, vol. 2, 1889, 335 f.  Kunkel, 219-222  D. Liebs, Jurisprudenz, in: HLL 4, …

Tarvisium

(91 words)

Author(s): Buchi, Ezio (Verona)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Venetic City in the region of Venetia on the Silis with a fertile territory (Geogr. Rav. 4,31: Trebicium;  cf. Plin.  HN 3,126), modern Treviso. Municipium of the tribus Claudia ( quattuorviri: CIL V 2109; 2115; ordo decurionum: CIL V 2117). Of particular significance in late Antiquity (Cassiod. Var. 10,27;  Procop. Goth. 2,29,40; 3,1,35; 3,2,7-9 and 11; Greg. M. Epist. 1,16a). Buchi, Ezio (Verona) Bibliography E. Buchi, T. e Acelum nella Transpadana, in: E. Brunetta (ed.), Storia di Treviso, vol. 1, 1989, 191-310.

Tasciovanus

(101 words)

Author(s): Kunst, Christiane (Potsdam)
[German version] King in Britannia. According to coin evidence, between c. 20/15 BC and 5/10 AD his area of influence was in Herfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire to the east of the Cherwell, Middlesex, northeastern Surrey, and in Essex together with that of Addedomarus. The main site of minting was Verulamium (Saint Albans), only few coins are from Camulodunum. On a number of them the Celtic RIGONUS appears as the equivalent of REX on the coins of the Atrebates [2]. Kunst, Christiane (Potsdam) Bibliography S. S. Frere, Britan…

Tasgetius

(81 words)

Author(s): Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum)
[German version] Prominent pro-Roman Celt [1. 378] whose ancestors were kings of the  Carnutes. Installed by Caesar in 56 BC as the king of this tribe, he was killed in the third year of his reign by his own people (Caes. B. Gall. 5,25; 5,29,2). Coin minting [2. 442 f.]. Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Evans 2 J.-B. Colbert de Beaulieu, Les monnaies gauloises au nom des chefs mentionnés dans les Commentaires de César, in: M. Renard (ed.), Hommages à A. Grenier, vol. 1, 1962, 419-446.
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