Brill’s New Pauly

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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Dwarf

(189 words)

Author(s): Schäfer, Alfred
[German version] (Greek νᾶν[ν]ος/ nân[n]os; Lat. pumilio, pumilus). Egyptian art has handed down a rich and varied image of the dwarf: in Egyptian popular belief dwarf gods such as Ptah-Pataikos (  pátaikoi ) and  Bes, the friend of children and women, (see Addenda; cf.  Monsters I) had been represented as helpful powers and omnipresent in the form of  amulets. In human daily life the dwarf took on the tasks of a craftsman and assisted in looking after children and in personal hygiene. Most illustrations show dwarves who, like cripples, served as entertainment for their masters. The image…

Dwellings on flood resistant mounds

(248 words)

Author(s): Pingel, Volker (Bochum)
[German version] These mound dwellings (German: Wurte) originated as individual farms in the marshes between Denmark and the Netherlands (where they are called terpen) in the Germanic settlement area along the southern North Sea coast in the 2nd/1st cents. BC during regression phases of the North Sea. In the course of subsequent cents., these locations were deliberately elevated into settlement mounds because of the rise in sea level and increasing numbers of storm floods. Mounds of several meters height that could co…

Dyas

(368 words)

Author(s): Szlezák, Thomas A. (Tübingen)
[German version] (δυάς; dyás). ‘Indeterminate duality’ (ἀόριστος δυάς, aóristos dyás): the non-reducible counter-principle essential for the ‘creation’ of phenomena in Plato's oral teaching on principles, according to the testimony of Aristotle (Metaph. Α 987b 25ff.; Μ 1081a 14; Ν 1088a 15 and passim) and Theophrastus (Metaph. 11a 27ff.). Plato set it beside the ‘One’ or the ‘Good’ (ἕν or ἀγαθόν) as the definitive principle of reality. While Speusippos ascribed the introduction of interminabilis dualitas (= aóristos dyás) to the antiqui, thus probably the Pythagoreans (fr.…

Dyeing

(590 words)

Author(s): Pekridou-Gorecki, Anastasia (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Textilien). Unter Färben (βάπτειν, tinguere) versteht man das Eintauchen des zu färbenden Materials in ein Farbbad (βάμμα). Die dadurch entstehende Färbung ist das Ergebnis einer chemisch-physikalischen Verbindung zwischen der molekularen Struktur der Textilien und der Färbemittel. Die F. (βαφική, tinctura) war in der Ant. hochentwickelt, wie die erh. originalen Stoffreste zeigen, die nicht nur in handwerklicher und künstlerischer Hinsicht, sondern auch wegen der Frische und der Leuchtkraft ihrer Farben immer wieder B…

Dymanes

(90 words)

Author(s): Gschnitzer, Fritz (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Δυμᾶνες; Dumânes). On the one hand, this name is borne by one of the three old Dorian phyles (D., Hylleis and Pamphyli); on the other, it is that of a small community in western Locris, probably in the vicinity of Physcus [2]. Both may go back to a tribe of this name from north-western Greece, the larger part of which in prehistoric times joined the  Dorieis, while a splinter group went up into western Locris. Gschnitzer, Fritz (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 L. Lerat, Les Locriens de l'Ouest 1, 1952, 28f.

Dymas

(251 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Berne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Δύμας; Dýmas). [German version] [1] Phrygian king on the Sangarius, father of Hecuba Phrygian king on the Sangarius; father of Hecuba the wife of Priam, and of Asius (Hom. Il. 16,718; Apollod. 3,148; Hyg. Fab. 91,1; Ov. Met. 11,761). Bloch, René (Berne) [German version] [2] Phaeacian A Phaeacian, whose daughter was a friend of Nausicaa (Hom. Od. 6,22). Bloch, René (Berne) [German version] [3] Trojan in the Aeneid A Trojan who joined Aeneas at the fall of Troy, and was killed (Verg. Aen. 2,340; 428). Bloch, René (Berne) Bibliography T. Gargiulo, s.v. Dimante, EV 2, 75. [German version] [4] …

Dyme

(299 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen)
(Δύμη; Dýmē). [German version] [1] City on the west coast of Achaea This item can be found on the following maps: Coloniae | Dark Ages | Achaeans, Achaea | Macedonia, Macedones | Education / Culture City on the west coast of Achaea near the modern Kato-Achaia, on a broad plateau on the left bank of the Peirus, protected on three sides by precipices. Protected by a fortress (Pol. 4,59,4), D. was able to exploit the natural riches of the land on Cape Araxus. One of the old 12 cities of Achaea (Hdt. 1,145), D. arose from the amalgamation of eight villages (δῆμοι; dêmoi) (Str. 8,3,2), among them Pal…

Dynamics

(7 words)

Dynamics see Natural sciences

Dynamis

(110 words)

Author(s): von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen)
[German version] (Δύναμις; Dýnamis). Daughter of Pharnaces; wife and successor of Asander. For a short time autonomous queen of the  Bosporan kingdom. Her second husband was the anti-Roman  Scribonius; he died during the attack of Agrippa [1] and Polemon, whom D. had to marry on Roman orders (in 14 BC, Cass. Dio 54,24,4-6). Shortly afterwards she retired with her son  Aspurgus (perhaps to the residence found 15 km from Novorosijsk). Augustus restored her to the throne after the death of Polemon. Sh…

Dynasteia

(593 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum)
[German version] (δυναστεία; dynasteía, cf. also δυνάστης; dynástēs, ‘Ruler’). Derived from δύνασθαι; dýnasthai, ‘to be capable’, ‘to be able’; ‘to have influence’, ‘to be wealthy’ [1. 116]. Dynasteia was primarily the rule ( rulership) of a small, influential group, within which high offices were inherited. Two basic levels of meaning are to be distinguished for dynasteia: in the first of them, its character as the term for a group of rulers or an individual ruler expresses more the original sense of the word; in the second the inheritance of lea…

Dyrrhachium

(529 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg)
This item can be found on the following maps: Caesar | Wine | | Coloniae | Commerce | Colonization | Macedonia, Macedones | Natural catastrophes | Peloponnesian War | Persian Wars | Punic Wars | Rome | Delian League | Balkans, languages (Δυρράχιον; Dyrr[h]áchion, Dyrrhachium). [German version] I. Graeco-Roman period Harbour town on the Illyrian coast, the modern Durrës in Albania; founded on a peninsula by Corinth and Corcyra, probably in 626/625 BC, as the colony of Epidamnus (Eus. Chronicon 88f.; Thuc. 1,24-26; Scymn. 435-439). The name D. (c…

Dysaules

(108 words)

Author(s): Clinton, Kevin (Ithaca N. Y.)
[German version] (Δυσαύλης; Dysaúlēs). Brother of Celeus in Eleusis; banished by  Ion, brought the Eleusinian Mysteries to Celeae near Phleius; according to local cult legend also buried there (Paus. 2,12,4; sceptical: 2,14,1-4). The name D. does not occur in the Homeric epic cycle. The ‘Orphics’ were the first to place him at Eleusis in a poem on Demeter's visit there [1]. In that poem he was a native of the place, married Baube, was father of Eubuleus and  Triptolemus, and welcomed  Demeter as a guest. Clinton, Kevin (Ithaca N. Y.) Bibliography 1 F. Graf, Eleusis und die orphisch…