Brill’s New Pauly

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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(97 words)

Author(s): Schwertheim, Elmar (Münster)
[German version] (Τραγασαί/ Tragasaí). Settlement in southeastern Troad at modern Tuzla, to the north of Gülpınar. T. is named after Tragasus, whose daughter Philonomia was married to Tennes [1], the ruler of Tenedus (EM 763,25). Known for its salt springs (Str. 13,1,48), T. lies in the middle of the Plain of Tuzla (in Antiquity Ἁλήσιον πεδίον/ Halḗsion pedíon, 'Salt Plain', Hellanikos FGrH 4 F 34; Plin. HN 31,85). The springs were so profitable that Lysimachus [2] levied a tax on them (Ath. 3,73d). Schwertheim, Elmar (Münster) Bibliography W. Leaf, Strabo on the Troad, 1923, 247 f. J. …


(5,074 words)

Author(s): Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg) | Baier, Thomas
I. Greek [German version] A. Definition, origin, early forms The explanations for the term τραγῳδία ( tragōidía) are controversial; equally controversial is the reconstruction of the genesis of tragedy from cult rituals over pre-literary choral performances to the literary genre of the 5th cent. BC. The greatest problem is to reconcile Aristotle's [6] brief history of the genre in the Poetics (Aristot. Poet. 4,1449a 9-31) with anthropological and ethnological considerations. Aristotle thought the literary form evolved gradually from short myths (plots) a…

Tragedy/Theory of Tragedy

(5,123 words)

Author(s): Niefanger, Dirk
Niefanger, Dirk [German version] A. Introduction, Methodology (CT) Besides the narrative tradition of mythology together with architecture and sculpture, tragedies are among…


(173 words)

Author(s): W.RI.


(157 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Τραγούριον/ Tragoúrion, Trogir, Trau; also modern Trogir). City on a small island off the coast of Illyria, to the northwest of Salona. Archaeological finds (primarily ceramics) provide evidence of an Illyrian settlement, before Greek colonists from Issa settled in T. and in Epetium neighbouring to the east around the turn of the 3rd and 2nd cents. BC (Str. 7,5,5); relations between Issa and its two daughter cities were very close (Pol. 32,9,2).


(254 words)

Author(s): von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)
(Τραιανόπολις; Traianópolis). [German version] [1] City in the Hebrus plain This item can be found on the following maps: Byzantium | Thraci, Thracia | Rome Founded by Traianus [1] at the beginning of the 2nd cent. AD on the northern coast of the Aegean (Aegean Sea) in the plain of the lower Hebrus on the site of Doriscus on the via Egnatia (Ptol. …


(1,946 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich)
[German version] [1] Trajan, Roman Emperor, AD 98-117 Roman emperor, AD 98-117. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] I. Career up to accession T. was probably born in 53, the son of the consular (of the same name), M. Ulpius [12] Traianus, and probably a certain Marcia, perhaps a daughter of Marcius [II 3] Barea. The family came from Italica in Hispania Baetica. Little is known of T.' senatorial career. He served as a tribunus [4] militum under his father in Syria (but certainly not for ten stipendia ('campaigns'), as alleged in Plin. Pan. 15,3). After his praetorship (before 84…

Training (medical)

(600 words)

Author(s): Nutton, Vivian (London)
[German version] Although most healers in Antiquity learned their trade from their fathers or as autodidacts, some also went to study with a master (e.g. Pap. Lond. 43, 2nd cent. BC), or travelled to medical strongholds to receive training. Remains of these teaching centres are to be found in Babylonia [1] and in Egypt, where the ‘House of Life’ in Sais, rebuilt by Darius c. 510 BC, may have served as such a centre and scriptorium [2]. If, in the Greek world, the Hippocratic tradition (Hippocrates) emphasized the superiority of healers trained at Cos, Cnidus …

Trajan's Column

(14 words)

See Forum [III 9] Traiani; Monumental columns III; Traianus [1]; Trajan's Column

Trajan's Column

(2,914 words)

Author(s): Hinz, Berthold (Kassel RWG) | Bourdon, Nicola
Hinz, Berthold (Kassel RWG) Bourdon, Nicola [German version] A. Antiquity (CT) Trajan's Column (TC) was the first of the imperial columns in the city of Rome, which raised the statues of the emperors aloft while their deeds were celebrated in a relief frieze that spiraled up to the top [7; 11]. It was followed by columns for Antoninus Pius (161; d…


(628 words)

Author(s): von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg)
[German version] [1] Tribe in the south of Illyricum (Τράλλεις, Τράλλοι/ Trálleis, Trálloi). Tribe in the south of Illyricum, which, according to Hesych. s.v. Τραλλεῖς was of Thracian origin, but to Steph. Byz. (s.v. Βῆγις; Βόλουρος; Τραλλία) and Liv. (27,32,4; 31,35,1: Tralles; 38,21,2: Tralli) was of Illyrian extraction. The T. were known as mercenaries in Hellenistic armies (Diod. Sic. 17,65,1; Liv. 37,19; Hesych. loc. cit.). The towns of Begis and Bulo…


(131 words)

Author(s): Rausch, Sven
[German version] (Τράμβηλος; Trámbēlos). Son of Telamon [1] (Lycoph. 467; Parthenios 26), who is given Theaneira as booty after the capture of Troy (Istros FHG 1,421). Pregnant by Telamon, she escapes and is taken in…


(246 words)

Author(s): Eder, Walter (Berlin)
[German version] Until the 1st cent. BC, the usual meaning of tranquillitas is 'peace, stillness' (as late as in Caes. B Gall. 3,15,3); after that, under the influence of Stoicism and the philosophy of Epicurus (analogous with the Greek γαλήνη/ galḗnē, 'calm' = 'peace of mind'), the word becomes the Latin philosophical term for 'calmness of mind' ( maris t.: Cic. Tusc. 5,6,16; t. animi: Cic…


(90 words)

Author(s): Burian, Jan (Prague)
[German version] Small fort, probably originating under Commodus (Not. Dign. Occ. 33,65: Transiacinco), on the left bank of the Danube (Ister [1]), linked by means of a wooden bridge with Aquincum in the province of Pannonia inferior, now near Budapest-Rákospatak. Remains of buildings, a statue of Victoria, inscriptions, tiles of the legio IV Flavia and legio II Adiutrix are preserved. In the 4th cent. AD the seat of a praef. legionis. Burian, Jan (Prague) Bibliography …


(682 words)

Author(s): Szlezák, Thomas A. (Tübingen)
[German version] The philosophical concept of an ultimate origin that is separated by an ontological gap from what it 'causes', 'releases' from itself or brings into being. The antonym of transcendence is the concept of immanence: here the foundational origin is not something separate from the world, but is contained and present within it. The Latin transcendere, transcendens (as an equivalent to ὑπερβάλλειν/ hyperbállein, ὑπερέχειν/ hyperéchein, ὑπερβολή/ hyperbolḗ, ἀνάβασις/ anábasis, ἐπέκεινα/ epékeina etc.) has been documented since Augustinus (for more on the Greek and Latin terminology see [5; 6]). Presocratic thought (like later Hellenistic philosophy) is immanentist. However, the complete separation of the nous (intellect) from all things, as found in the works of Anaxagoras, might be regarded as approaching the idea of transcendence (59 B 12 DK).…


(192 words)

Author(s): Kehne, Peter (Hannover)
[German version] Unlike a mere desertor , i.e. a citizen evading military service or a soldier not on leave, whose desertion was severely punished by Rome, a transfuga was a Roman citizen (or subject of the Empire), who as a soldier or civilian (Dig. 48,4,2,3) committed treason (


(6 words)

see addenda vol. 15


(2,937 words)

[No German version] I Greece Transhumance (i.e. pastoral economy involving seasonal migration) made use of the natural spaces available in the Mediterranean area for the keeping of livestock, especially of  sheep. In summer, the herds were driven into the mountain forests, while in winter they were pastured on lower-lying, warmer plains. The classical description can be found in Sophocles: In ‘Oedipus Tyrannus’ the messenger from Corinth recounts how he once tended a herd on Mount Cithaeron, where th…

Transitio ad plebem

(200 words)

Author(s): de Libero, Loretana (Hamburg)
[German version] Transfer of a patrician ( patricii ) to the plebs . If the individual concerned was a citizen free from the 'paternal power' ( patria potestas ), the TP took place by arrogatio, and if he was subject to the power of the father, it was by adoptio by a plebeian (Adoption; cf. Gell. NA 5,19,1-9), who could release him from his patria potestas ( emancipatio ). The best-known case of a TP (by arrogatio) is that of P. Clodius [I 4] Pulcher, who wanted to stand for the people's tribunate in 59 BC (Cic. Dom. 34-41; Cass. Dio 37,51,1 f.; 39,11,2) [1. 563 f.; 2].…
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