Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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Brill’s Digital Library of World War I
is an online resource that contains over 700 encyclopedia entries plus 250 peer-reviewed articles of transnational and global historical perspectives on significant topics of World War I. This collection includes Brill’s Encyclopedia of the First World War, an unrivalled reference work that showcases the knowledge of experts from 15 countries and offers 26 additional essays on the major belligerents, wartime society and culture, diplomatic and military events, and the historiography of the Great War.

The 250 articles address not only the key issues from political, historical and cultural perspectives, but also engages with aspects of the war which have remained underexplored such as the neutrals, the role of women before, during and after the war, and memory. The chapters have been drawn from a select number of Brill publications that have been published in the last 15 years. Brill’s Digital Library of World War I is a unique digital library that will allow researchers to discover new perspectives and connections with the enhanced navigational tools provided.

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Illustrations

(499 words)

Contributor(s): Meyer, Jessica
Meyer, Jessica - Illustrations Keywords: active service | British popular culture | First World War | tailoring | trenches Abstract: This section contains illustrations of eight figures relevant to discussion of British Popular Culture and the First World War. The first figure illustrates outfits for active service. The second figure deals with “Tailoring in the Trenches”. The third figure shows the members of the women’s volunteer reserve on their fortnightly route march. The last two figures illustrate postcards showing convalescent guides. British Popular Culture and the …

Image Credits

(87 words)

Author(s): Hirschfeld, Gerhard | Krumeich, Gerd | Renz, Irina
Image Credits Dr. Ernst Aichner: Ingolstadt, 593. Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne: 276f., 280, 356, 669, 940. Imperial War Museum, London: 92, 97. Irina Renz, Stuttgart: 956. Stadtarchiv Lörrach, C/VIII/23: 498. The remaining illustrations are taken from the Bibliothek für Zeitgeschichte (BfZ), now a special collection of the Württembergische Landesbibliothek in Stuttgart. The editors wish to thank all the above sources for their permission to reproduce these illustrations. Hirschfeld, Gerhard, Krumeich, Gerd and Renz, Irina

Immelmann, Max

(341 words)

Author(s): Schmidt, Wolfgang
Immelmann, Max (September 21, 1890, Dresden – June 18, 1916, Northern France [crashed]), German airman and officer. After graduating from school and completing his training as a reserve officer in a Prussian railway regiment, Immelmann studied mechanical engineering at the Technical University of Dresden from 1912 to 1914. Called up for active military duty in the railway forces at the beginning of the war, he was then trained as an airplane pilot and stationed on the Western Front from 1915 onwar…

Imperialism, Nationalism and the First World War in India

(8,519 words)

Author(s): Das, Santanu
Das, Santanu - Imperialism, Nationalism and the First World War in India Keywords: empire | First World War | imperialism | India | Nationalism | nationalist leaders | sepoys | Western Front ISFWWS-Keywords: India | The French and British Empires | Politics | Western Front | Experience of combat | Published memoirs and biographies Abstract: This article explores the relationship between empire, India and the First World War, by examining both the responses to the war within India, and the experience of the sepoys in the Western Front. In …

Index

(2,263 words)

Contributor(s): Beckett, Ian F.W.
Beckett, Ian F.W., - Index Keywords: global conflict | warfare | Western Front Abstract: This index contains list of terms relevant to discussion of Western Front in 1917. While the Western Front was facing these challenges, 1917 was also marked by the collapse of Tsarist Russia and by food riots resuting both from the Entente's blockade of Central Europe and the revival of unrestricted submarine warfare by the Central Powers. 1917: Beyond the Western Front Ian F.W Beckett , (2011) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2009 e-ISBN: 9789047424703 DOI: 10.1163/ej.9789004171398.…

Index

(6,019 words)

Contributor(s): Stibbe, Matthew | Sharp, Ingrid
Sharp, Ingrid; Stibbe, Matthew - Index Keywords: political rights | women's suffrage Abstract: This index presents a list of terms that occur in this book on Aftermaths of War. It presents monographs, collections of essays, conference proceedings, and translation of military texts. The book talks about women's suffrage and political rights. It also discusses reconstructing communities and visions of peace. The entries are arranged in alphabetical order from A to Z. Aftermaths of War Ingrid Sharp and Matthew Stibbe, (2011) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2011 e-ISBN: 9…

Index

(3,095 words)

Contributor(s): Jones, Heather | Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph | O’Brien, Jennifer
Jones, Heather; O’Brien, Jennifer; Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph -Index Keywords: civic identity | combat | First World War | juvenile delinquency | occupation | untold war Abstract: This index section presents list of terms that occur in the book Untold War: New Perspectives in First World War Studies. The book covers diverse themes such as combat, occupation, civic identity, juvenile delinquency, chaplains, art and remembrance, across a wide range of societies, including Germany, France, Britain, German colonial Africa, Belgium and Romania. Untold War

Index

(3,405 words)

Contributor(s): Keene, Jennifer D. | Neiberg, Michael S.
Keene, Jennifer D., Neiberg, Michael S., - Index Keywords: First World War | index | inter-allied negotiations | sailors' war | trench culture Abstract: This index presents a list of references that are cited in the book on finding common ground. Representing the best of cutting-edge scholarship in First World War studies, this anthology demonstrates the possibility of finding common ground in how cultural, social, and military historians study the war. Essays focus on the decisions of commanders, inter-allied ne…

Index

(994 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Index Keywords: Guarded Neutrality | military internment | Netherlands | First World War Abstract: This index is a list of terms, names and concepts that occur in this book Guarded Neutrality. The book is about diplomacy and internment in the Netherlands during the First World War. The list is in the alphabetical order. Guarded Neutrality Susanne Wolf, (2013) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2013 e-ISBN: 9789004249066 DOI: 10.1163/9789004249066_016 © 2013 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Wolf, Susanne

Index

(2,913 words)

Contributor(s): Meyer, Jessica
Meyer, Jessica - Index Keywords: British popular culture | clothing | First World War | food Abstract: This index contains a list of terms and concepts that occur in the book British Popular Culture and the First World War. Showcasing the work of both established academics and emerging scholars of the field, this book discusses aspects of British popular culture from the material cultures of food and clothing to the representational cultures of literature and film. The result is an engaging and invigorating re-examination of the First World War and its place in British culture. British Po…

India

(1,806 words)

Author(s): Cornelissen, Christoph
India In August 1914, the Indian subcontinent was the most important pillar of the British Empire. After the start of the First World War India’s importance to the war effort was apparent in the considerable numbers of Indian soldiers employed on the Allied fronts in Europe, Africa, and Asia. By the end of 1918, some 1.5 million Indians had been mobilized for the war. Of these, almost 900,000 belonged to fighting units. More than 60,000 Indian soldiers died in the war and about the same number suffered wounds. It was originally envisaged that only restricted use should be made of I…

Indian and African Soldiers in British, French and German Propaganda during the First World War

(6,325 words)

Author(s): Jarboe, Andrew
Jarboe, Andrew - Indian and African Soldiers in British, French and German Propaganda during the First World War ISFWWS-Keywords: Soldiers and Combat | Home fronts | The French and British Empires | Germany | Western Front | Africa | India | Politics | Culture | Visual Arts | Legacy World War I and Propaganda Troy R.E. Paddock , (2014) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2014 e-ISBN: 9789004264571 DOI: 10.1163/9789004264571_010 © 2014 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Jarboe, Andrew

Indian Cavalry from the First World War till the Third Afghan War

(13,430 words)

Author(s): Roy, Kaushik
Roy, Kaushik - Indian Cavalry from the First World War till the Third Afghan War Keywords: First World War | France | Indian cavalry | Mesopotamia | Palestine | Third Afghan War ISFWWS-Keywords: India | Military organisation of combat | Experience of combat | Legacy | Soldiers and Combat | The French and British Empires | Middle East | The Ottoman Empire and the Middle East | Published memoirs and biographies Abstract: This chapter argues that it is ahistorical to analyze the evolution of armies and warfare by using universal concepts like modern warfare.…

Indian Soldiers’ Experiences in France during World War I: Seeing Europe from the Rear of the Front

(11,168 words)

Author(s): Markovits, Claude
Markovits, Claude - Indian Soldiers’ Experiences in France during World War I: Seeing Europe from the Rear of the Front Keywords: India | Western Front | Culture | French society during the war | Women and War | Religion | Literature | Politics | The French and British Empires The World in World Wars Heike Liebau, Katrin Bromber , Katharina Lange , Dyala Hamzah and Ravi Ahuja , (2010) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2010 e-ISBN: 9789004188471 DOI:10.1163/ej.9789004185456.i-618.9 © 2010 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Markovits, Claude

Infantry

(964 words)

Author(s): Gross, Gerhard P.
Infantry A branch of the armed forces; infantry is the term for foot soldiers. The infantry served as the main branch of the armed forces in the World War. Despite the increased firepower of the infantry, the concept of war held by the European armies originated in the dogma of the superiority of the offensive over the defensive. Tight formations of battle-hardened riflemen swarming over open terrain was the basis for the attack methods of the German infantry Once the infantry had attained fire s…

Infantry Weaponry/Weapons

(3,025 words)

Author(s): Thoss, Bruno
Infantry Weaponry/Weapons Weapons technology during the First World War was geared mainly to the ground war, drawn from traditional types of infantry and artillery weapons. At the beginning of the war, cavalry was still relatively important, though they no longer had a decisive function in battle. For equipment early in the war, troops relied upon firearms such as rifles, carbines, machine guns and pistols; cutting and thrusting blades including bayonets, sabers, and lances; and explosive devices …

Inflation

(1,440 words)

Author(s): Geyer, Martin H.
Inflation An increase in the money supply and a rise of the monetary demand that is not matched by a corresponding amount of goods. Until long after the end of the war, people were accustomed to speak of “rising prices” instead of inflation or devaluation. In current research, the “age of inflation” denotes the period extending from the war to the beginning of the currency stabilization in November 1923. It also alludes to the economic, political, social, and cultural changes that resulted from the currency devaluation as well as to the ways of coming to terms with inflation. The causes of w…

Information, Censorship or Propaganda? The Illustrated French Press in the First World War

(10,282 words)

Author(s): Beurier, Joëlle
Beurier, Joëlle - Information, Censorship or Propaganda? The Illustrated French Press in the First World War Keywords: censorship | French soldier | Great War | photographic propaganda ISFWWS-Keywords: French society during the war | Western Front | Home fronts | Visual Arts | Literature | Culture | Experience of combat Abstract: This chapter examines different photograph collections in order to enhance understanding of photographic propaganda during the Great War. The photograph of a dead French soldier showed the silhouetted body of a zouave, a soldier from the French colo…

Instruction in Patriotic Values (German)

(340 words)

Author(s): Pöhlmann, Markus
Instruction in Patriotic Values (German) The need for a methodical, propagandistic strengthening of the army’s and population’s will to hold out had thrust itself upon the German government since the aggravation of the military and economic situation in the year 1916. Under the impression of the Reichstag’s Peace Resolution, the military leadership decided to take the initiative. On July 29, 1917, the chief of the General Staff issued the Leitsätze für die Aufklärungsarbeit unter den Truppen ( Guidelines for dispensing instruction among the troops), which henceforth regulated …

Intelligence Services

(574 words)

Author(s): Bavendamm, Gundula
Intelligence Services Also called the secret service, these government organizations were employed to collect and interpret intelligence information of military, political, economic, and scientific importance about other states. Intelligence services were also assigned sabotage missions and diversion operations, as well as the safeguarding of their own state secrets against enemy espionage. During the age of nationalism between 1860 and 1914, most states established intelligence services. The Worl…
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