Brill's Encyclopedia of Critical Understanding in Education

Get access Subject: Education
Series Editors: William M. Reynolds and Brad Porfilio

Comprising 2000 entries, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Critical Understanding in Education is a fully searchable database presenting comprehensive and accurate portraits of the various disciplines related to critical thinking and understanding in Educational Research. What readers will encounter in this database is what the various fields are saying, and have been saying during their various histories. Designed to open up conversations among current established scholars and future, next generation scholars nationally and internationally, these complicated conversations further expand the various fields and lead to possibilities for praxis. Praxis emphasizes the increase of critical knowledge and understandings both for self-development and social reconstruction. There is a uniqueness in Critical Understanding in Education in the commitment to the focus on the historical development and comprehensive critical presentation of a particular discipline.

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Safe Spaces and Safe Zone Trainings

(1,960 words)

Author(s): Kean, Eli | Skrivan, Patrick C.
1 Overview of Safe Space Programs Safe Space programs, also known as Safe Zone or lgbtq+ Allyship programs, are school-based diversity training programs that are intended to improve K-12 and postsecondary campus climate for lgbtq+ peo…

School and Public Libraries

(1,651 words)

Author(s): Naidoo, Jamie Campbell | Lynch, Kaitlyn
1 Overview Both school and public libraries play an integral role in the lives of lgbtq+ youth (children and teens). Through access to developmentally appropriate print and digital materials that represent lgbtq+ topics, libraries …

School Choice

(3,203 words)

Author(s): Baugher, Erin
Related Entries: Brown v. Board; Integration of Schools; Neoliberalism; Segregation in Schooling … In a July 2017 meeting of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), AFT President Weingarten asserted that school…

School Climate (K-12)

(1,972 words)

Author(s): Linville, Darla
1 Introduction School climate holistically describes the experiences of people in schools and “reflects norms, goals, values, interpersonal relationships, teaching and learning practices, and organizati…

School Culture and Restorative Justice: Transformations and Radical Healing in One Latinx High School

(9,022 words)

Author(s): Reyes McGovern, Elexia | Lugo, JC | Pour-Khorshid, Farima
You don’t have anything if you don’t have the stories. Silko (1986) ∵ At the heart of this study are the stories of teachers, students, parents, and administrators – a whole high school community experiencing prof…

School Discipline Gap

(2,814 words)

Author(s): Mansfield, Katherine Cumings | Lustick, Hilary A. | Hubert, Alesia
Related Entries: Ladson Billings, Gloria; Mass Incarceration; Segregation in Schooling; School-to-Prison Pipeline … The term, “school discipline gap,” refers to the disparate way teachers discipline students in sc…

School-to-Prison Pipeline

(2,269 words)

Author(s): Lustick, Hilary A. | Mansfield, Katherine Cumings | Brown, LaShaunda
Related Entries: Jim Crow; Mass Incarceration; School Discipline Gap; White Supremacy … The term school-to-prison pipeline refers to the relationship between a student’s experiences with exclusionary discipline i…

Scientific Racism

(4,183 words)

Author(s): Lea, Virginia
Related Entries: White Supremacy; Whiteness and the Law; Whiteness as Property 1 What Is Scientific Racism? An oligarchy, used synonymously in this entry with the term, “elite,” is a type of power structure in which …

Secondary Education and Whiteness

(3,139 words)

Author(s): Wilson, Chanelle
Related Entries: American Indian Boarding Schools; Essentialism; Privilege; School-to-Prison Pipeline; School Discipline Gap … The system of public education is fundamentally racialized in the United States. Whiten…

Secondary Latina Educators: Testimonios

(9,211 words)

Author(s): Little, Leila
1 Introduction It was time to meet with my high school guidance counselor and I was excited to tell him about my plans for college. I felt good. My big, bright, white smile gleamed as I walked into my g…

Second Language Writing Approaches in Teacher Education for Multilingual Preservice Teachers: Desde el Local Hasta el Global

(8,603 words)

Author(s): Núñez, Victoria
This chapter addresses practices that support second language writers in the discipline of teacher education. The goal of this project is to improve the training and success of multilingual teachers w…

Second-Wave Critical White Studies

(4,257 words)

Author(s): Jupp, James C. | Badenhorst, Pauli
Related Entries: Du Bois, W.E.B.; First Wave Critical White Studies; Teacher Identity and Whiteness; Thandeka … The purpose of this encyclopedia entry is to provide a brief outline that documents a “shift,” “move,” o…

Segregation in Schools

(2,731 words)

Author(s): Cuddy, Max
Related Entries: Brown v. Board; Du Bois, W.E.B.; Elementary Education and Whiteness; Integration of Schools; School Choice … School segregation is the separation of students into different schools on the basis of race…


(1,362 words)

Author(s): Rodríguez Lemus Jr., Gabriel | Orozco, Roberto C.
1 Introduction Self-authorship, a developmental theory coined in the field of higher education, is defined as “the internal capacity to define one’s beliefs, identity, and social relations” (Baxter Mago…

Settler Colonialism

(2,071 words)

Author(s): Scott (Diné), Charlie Amáyá | Jackson, Romeo
The foundation of what is now known as the United States of America relies on the displacement and removal of Indigenous Peoples and their presence. This is an intimate aspect of settler colonialism t…

Settler Colonialism

(2,456 words)

Author(s): Jaffee, Annie | Casey, Zachary A.
Related Entries: American Indian Boarding Schools; Capitalism; Indigenous Americans and Whiteness; Nationalism; South Africa and Whiteness … Settler colonialism is a form of imperialism wherein colonizers occupy and r…

Sex (as Assigned at Birth)

(583 words)

Author(s): Kedley, Kate E.
Sex as assigned at birth refers to the sex, based on genitals, that an individual is given at the time of their birth. It should be noted that the sex assigned at birth is limited to the visual inspec…

Sex: The Pedagogical Stakes

(5,067 words)

Author(s): Howlett, Caitlin
Introduction Sex is, as they say, never just sex. The meaning of sex is largely tied to its stakes: identity, love, hate, commitment, betrayal, pleasure, power, disruption, creation. Whether it is defi…

Sexual Education and Queerness

(2,074 words)

Author(s): Davies, Adam W.J. | Neustifter, Ruth
1 Sexual Health Education in Western Countries Sexual health education (she) in Western countries is still contested and highly politicized, often abstinence-based in its focus and largely segregated to physical education (pe) comp…

Sexual Identity

(612 words)

Author(s): Hoover, Payton D.
1 Definition Sexual identity can be defined as an individual’s sexual, affectional, and/ or romantic attraction towards other individuals (Katz-Wise, 2015). This term is often used interchangeably with s…
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