Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies And Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

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The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com

Pahad Laylah

(13 words)

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(9 words)

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Paraclete Παράκλητος

(728 words)

Author(s): J. Reiling
I. Name Paraclete occurs in the Gospel of John as a name, or an epithet of the Holy Spirit, and in 1 John as a title of Jesus Christ. Paraklētos is a verbal adjective of parakaleō. In common Greek usage it means ‘called to one’s aid’, ‘summoned’, and as a substantive ‘legal assistant, advocate’, or, in a more general sense, ‘intercessor’. The reference is nearly almost to human persons, not to divine beings. II. Identity In John 14–16 the name Paraclete occurs four times ( John 14.16–17, John 26; John 15.26; John 16.7–14). In John 14.6 Jesus announces the coming of ‘another Paraclete’;…

Patroklos Πάτροκλος

(472 words)

Author(s): K. Dowden
I. Name The name of Patroklos, the close companion of Achilles in the Trojan War, is given to the father of Nikanor, the high-ranking Greek commander of a force of 20,000 men with instructions to put down the revolt of Judas Maccabaeus ( 2 Macc. 8.12). II. Identity From the perspective of Trojan War mythology, Patroklos would appear to be a figure developed by Homer in his Iliad to anticipate the death of Achilles’ close friend Antilochos and Achilles’ own death—a later part of the story of Troy which Homer does not himself tell. If this is so, it would explain…


(9 words)

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Perseus Περσεύς

(872 words)

Author(s): K. Dowden
I. Name Perseus, the name of the slayer of the Gorgon Medousa and the rescuer of Andromeda, is also the name of the elder son and heir of Philip V of Macedon (ruled 179–168 bce). His defeat by the Romans at Pydna, which ended the Third Macedonian War (171–68 bce), is referred to at 1 Macc. 8.5 (“Perseus king of the Kittieis”). II. Identity The more memorable stories of Perseus are woven into a single narrative of birth by Zeus to Danaë (despite her imprisonment), of being cast adrift in a chest (λάρναξ) with his mother, of conflict at adolescence with a hostile king (Akrisios), of the…