Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com

Diabolos

(9 words)

see devil ← previous entry          next entry →

Dike Δίκη

(1,308 words)

Author(s): P. W. van der Horst
I. Name Dikē (originally ‘customary behaviour’, later ‘justice’) is the Greek deity of justice and occurs as a divine name in the Bible in Acts 28.4 and as a metaphor for a heavenly being in Wis. 1.8–9 and Wis. 11.20. The personification of abstract concepts in the form of deities occurs in Greek literature as early as the second half of the eighth century bce. Personifications appear first in poetry, then move into the visual arts (see e.g. Pausanias 5, 18, 2; further Hamdorf 1964:52–53, 110 et passim), and finally find their way into the realm of the cult. II. Identity The didactic poet Hesi…

Dionysus Διόνυσος

(3,517 words)

Author(s): F. Graf
I. Name Dionysos, the Greek god of ecstasy, bears a name of uncertain etymology, although resembling the usual Greek types of anthroponyms (e.g. Dio-doros, “gift from Zeus”). Accordingly, ancient authors agree to see the name of Zeus (gen. Διός) in the first half; some understood -νυσος as a foreign word for son (“Son of Zeus”), others derived it from the mythical place of his upbringing, Nysa (“Zeus from Nysa”). These etymologies are linguistically valueless, but reflect the god’s status with regard to Zeus, whom mythology makes his father. At the same time, Greek myth regularly …

Dioskouroi Διόσκουροι

(804 words)

Author(s): K. Dowden
I. Name The Dioskouroi, twin heroes and brothers of Helen, occur as the mascot or ensign of the ship in which Paul and his fellow-travellers reach Syracuse after their shipwreck on Malta ( Acts 28.11). They presumably also lend their name to the month Dioskoros at 2 Macc. 11.21. II. Identity ‘Dios-kouroi’ (‘youths of Zeus’) in mythology is the title of the Tyndarids (sons of Tyndareus) at Sparta, namely Kastor and Polydeukes (in Latin, via Etruscan, Castor and Pollux). The Greeks inherited these horsemen twins from Indo-European times, as congeners in Sanskrit (the Aśvins) and Latvian …

Divine Beings

(13 words)

see Sons of (the) God(s) ← previous entry          next entry →