Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies And Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

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The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com

Dod דוד

(1,829 words)

Author(s): H. M. Barstad
I. Name In the Hebrew Bible the word dwd means ‘Beloved’, ‘Love’, ‘Uncle’ (father’s brother). The etymology of the word is problematic (Sanmartin-Ascaso 1977:153; HALAT 206). The connection to the name David has become rickety (Stamm 1960: 166–169). It has been assumed that Dod serves in the Hebrew Bible as an epithet for Yahweh (e.g. Van Zijl 1960:190). II. Identity In Akkadian one finds the word dādu(m), ‘Beloved’, ‘Darling’, used of family members, kings, and deities ( CADD. 149). A distinction should be made between the assumed Mesopotamian deities Dada, Dadu, Dadud…

Dominion κυριότης

(574 words)

Author(s): P. W. van der Horst
I. Name The word κυριότης occurs 4 times in the NT (not in the LXX), twice referring to Jesus’ power or position as Lord (κύριος) and twice referring to members of a class of angels ( Eph. 1.21; Col. 1.16). II. Identity In extrabiblical literature, κυριότης occurs only very rarely. When it does, it has the meanings of ‘lordship, rule’ and ‘special meaning’. It is only in writings influenced by the NT that the term is used to refer to a class of angels; see the many references in Lampe’s PGL 788b. When in a fragment of the originally Jewish Apocalypse of Zephaniah the author is said to have be…

Dove περιστερά

(1,415 words)

Author(s): J. Fossum
I. Name Although the derivation of the Greek word from the (unattested) Semitic peraḥ-Istar, ‘bird of Ishtar’, is probably mistaken, there can be no doubt that the dove in the Eastern Mediterranean world was the bird of the mother-and love goddess (Aphrodite) in various forms. That the dove also was regarded as soul-bird is shown by dove-grottos in burial grounds (Greeven 1968:65) and funerary inscriptions, Jewish as well as Gentile (Greeven 1968:67). In Israel, turtledoves and pigeons were the only birds offered for sacrifice ( Lev. 1.14). Before the Mandean death-mass ( masiqta), a …


(9 words)

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Dragon Δράκων

(1,895 words)

Author(s): J. W. van Henten
I. Name Drakōn is the Greek word (Latin draco) which is used in LXX (33 occurrences), NT and Pseudepigrapha for a large monster which often appears as opponent of God or his people. It is often related to the sea and can be identified or associated with a snake (Serpent). In the NT the word only appears in Revelation (13 occurrences). II. Identity In ancient mythology the dragon could be depicted as a real animal like a snake or crocodile or as a large imaginary monster living in the sea or on land. Certain types of these monsters can be discerned in mytho…