Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com

Jordan Ἰορδάνης

(996 words)

Author(s): B. Becking
I. Name The name of the river of Jordan, ( hay) yardēn, occurs 177 times in the OT. In the NT Ἰορδάνης is attested 15 times. The etymology of the name is debated. A derivation from the root yrd, ‘to descend’, implying an interpretation ‘the river that comes down’ (e.g. Philo, Leg. All. II:89; b Bech 55a; BDB 432–434) probably rests on popular etymology. Generally, the name is interpreted as non-Semitic in origin. One proposal connects the element dan with Indo-Iranian don, ‘river’ (cf. e.g. Danube; Djnepr) and interprets yar- as related to Indo-european ‘year’. The name then woul…

Joseph יוסף

(1,011 words)

Author(s): M. Dijkstra
I. Name In biblical genealogical tradition Joseph is the son of Jacob and Rachel ( Gen. 30.22–24). His name is a hypocoristicon, presumably of * yôsîp-ʾēl/DN like yôsîpyāh ( Ezra 8.10). Tradition preserves two explanations of his name, the one linking it to the root ’sp ( Gen. 30.23 E.?), the other to ysp ( Gen. 30.24 J.?); the latter interpretation is probably correct. The name expresses the classical wish for a quiver full of children ( Ps. 115.14; Noth, IPN, 212; de Vaux 1971; André, TWAT 3 [1977–82] 685). The form yĕhôsēp ( Ps. 81.6), frequently found in later Hebrew, is per…

Judah

(9 words)

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