Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com

Kyrios κύριος

(3,320 words)

Author(s): D. Zeller
I. Name Kyrios (fem. kyria) is a substantivated adjective probably deriving from a thematic form * kyros (Sanskrit sūra ‘strong’, ‘hero’). In Greek profane life it means a man of superior status, who has authority and can dispose of things and persons under his control. As a religious title it betrays the respect of a deity’s ‘servant’ and can function as a proper name. II. Identity Though Pindar, Isthm. 5:53 (first half of the 5th century bce), praises Zeus, who destines everything, as ho pantōn kyrios (Lord of all things), usually there are other titles expressing the sovere…