Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies And Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

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The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com


(9 words)

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Phoenix חול

(1,779 words)

Author(s): R. van den Broek
I. Name The phoenix is a Greek mythical bird which under this name is not found in the Greek Bible (the name of the city Phoenix, Acts 27.12, has nothing to do with this bird; it may derive from a grove of date palms, phoenices [Billigmeier 1977:2–3]), but according to early rabbis and several modern scholars it is referred to in the MT of Job 29.18 under the name ḥôl. II. Identity The origin and early development of the classical Phoenix myth is almost completely unknown. Most probably, its origin lies in the widespread oriental idea of the bird of the sun (Sheme…

Pleiades כימה

(860 words)

Author(s): L. Zalcman
I. Name The Hebrew noun כימה, vocalized kîmâ, is the name of a constellation or individual star mentioned three times in the OT ( Amos 5.8; Job 9.9; Job 38.31), in each instance in connection with kĕsîl (Orion). It is usually identified with the Pleiades, although the evidence of the ancient versions is highly equivocal. This identification is confirmed by Geez, Tigre kema = Pleiades and by the appearance (Lambert 1984:396–397) of kà-ma-tù in a lexical list at Ebla as the equivalent of Sumerian mul-mul, ‘Pleiades’, lit. ‘the stars’ ( ŠL. IV/2 no. 279; Horowitz f.c., chap. 7 table …