Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies And Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

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The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com

Tyche Τύχη

(1,141 words)

Author(s): L. H. Martin
I. Name Tyche is the Greek personification of luck or success (from tynchanō, ‘happen to one’), which is expressed also in the anthroponym Tychicus, an especially popular Greek name during the Hellenistic period that occurs five times in the New Testament. II. Identity Tychē means both ‘good fortune’ or ‘success’, or, ‘luck’ or ‘chance’, either good or bad as determined by context (Euripides, Ion 512–515). For the early Greeks, tychē could be considered, along with the moirai (the ‘fates’), as an agent of human good and evil (Archilochus 8 apud Stobaus 1.6.3). As Archilochus conc…

Typhon Τυφών

(1,824 words)

Author(s): J. W. van Henten
I. Name The adjective typhōnikos in Acts 27.14 indicates that the Eurakylōn was a stormy wind. The word derives from the noun typhōn which stands for a whirlwind in Philo, Deus 89. Both meanings can be connected with the monstrous figure Typhōn in Greek mythology. Josephus hints at a related god in Ap. 1.237. II. Identity Typhon appears in Greek myths as the opponent of Zeus or even of all gods. He is the youngest son of Tartaros and Gaia and has several names ( Typhōeus, Typhōs, Typhaōn and Typhōn), which were used interchangeably. In antiquity his name was derived from typhoō ‘to be …