Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking and Pieter W. van der Horst

The Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online contains academic articles on the named gods, angels, and demons in the books of the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Apocrypha, as well as the New Testament and patristic literature. This online version contains the second extensively revised edition.

More information: Brill.com

Zion ציון

(1,130 words)

Author(s): P. K. McCarter
I. Name Zion, a name for Jerusalem of uncertain etymology, referred originally to the fortified acropolis of the pre-Israelite city. The ‘stronghold of Zion’ ( mĕṣūdat ṣiyyôn, 2 Sam. 5.7 = 1 Chron. 11.5; 1 Kgs. 8.1 = 2 Chron. 5.2) was located on top of the southeastern hill, overlooking the Valley of Kidron. David conquered it and renamed it for himself ( 2 Sam. 5.9), and the meanings of both names—‘Zion’ and ‘City of David’—were expanded as the city grew. Zion does not occur as a divine name in the Bible, but it does designate a sacred place, and the personification of Jerusalem as ṣiyyôn, …