Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Wouter J. Hanegraaff, in collaboration with Antoine Faivre, Roelof van den Broek and Jean-Pierre Brach

Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online is the comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19thcentury Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online also contains articles about the life and work of all the major personalities in the history of Gnosis and Western Esotericism, discussing their ideas, significance, and historical influence.

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Dinter, Art(h)ur

(1,221 words)

Author(s): De Groot, Jan Willem
Dinter, Art(h)ur, * 27 Jun 1876 (Mühlhausen (Alsace)), † 21 May 1948 (Offenburg (Baden-Württemberg)) Antisemitic author and one of the early members of Hitler's NSDAP. During the 1920s and 1930s propagator of an “Aryan” Christianity that was “cleansed” of Semitic influences and inspired by gnostic beliefs [→ Gnosticism]. Arthur Dinter was born as son of a Prussian customs official. His mother, Berta Dinter-Hoffmann, who like her husband originally came from Silesia, raised him as a Catholic along with his brother and three sisters, while his …

Dionysius Areopagita (Pseudo-)

(1,261 words)

Author(s): Luscombe, David
Areopagita, Donysius (Pseudo-), ca. 500 Dionysius Areopagita, a mystical theologian, was so named in the belief, which generally prevailed until the last century, that a body of writings in Greek was produced by Dionysius of Athens, the convert of the Apostle Paul (Acts 17:16-34). In fact, the writings were produced ca. 500 A.D. and probably in Syria. Scholars are not agreed on their author; one possibility is Peter Fuller, Patriarch of Antioch (471-488). The surviving corpus includes four treatises ( Celestial Hierarchy, Ecclesiastical Hierarchy, Divine Names and Mystical Theolog…

Divinatory Arts

(5,158 words)

Author(s): Charmasson, Thérèse
Divination, in general, is the art of divining the past, present, and future by means of various techniques. According to Cicero ( De Divinatione) these can be divided into two main categories: “natural” or “intuitive” divination ( divinatio naturalis) and “artificial”, “inductive”, or “reasoned” divination ( divinatio artificiosa). For Cicero, the revelations bestowed by the gods on men in states of possession ( furor) or in certain dreams belong to natural divination, whereas inductive or conjectural divination looks at sacred “signs” of whatever kind and…