Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Wouter J. Hanegraaff, in collaboration with Antoine Faivre, Roelof van den Broek and Jean-Pierre Brach

Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online is the comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19thcentury Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online also contains articles about the life and work of all the major personalities in the history of Gnosis and Western Esotericism, discussing their ideas, significance, and historical influence.

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Hildegard of Bingen

(1,165 words)

Author(s): Newman, Barbara
Hildegard of Bingen, * 1098 (Bermersheim bei Alzey), † 17 Sep 1179 (Rupertsberg, Bingen-am-Rhein) German Benedictine nun, founder and head of two monasteries for women, the Rupertsberg (destroyed in the Thirty Years' War) and the present-day Abbey of St. Hildegard, Eibingen. Visionary, prophet, composer, and prolific author of theological and scientific books. The tenth child of a noble family, Hildegard made her profession of virginity at 14 under the tutelage of Jutta of Sponheim, a recluse at the monastery…