Encyclopaedia Islamica

Get access Subject: Middle East And Islamic Studies
Edited by: Farhad Daftary and Wilferd Madelung

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Encyclopaedia Islamica Online is based on the abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. A unique feature of the Encyclopaedia Islamica Online lies in the attention given to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, Encyclopaedia Islamica Online offers the Western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contribution to Islamic civilization, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.

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(8,208 words)

Author(s): Stephen Hirtenstein
Ecstasy ( wajd), an overwhelming and heightened state of awareness, usually of joyful intoxication and wonderment, specifically associated with an experience of mystical self-transcendence, or a whole range of emotive responses to an encounter with the divine. Sometimes this experience leads to ecstatic utterances which are shocking or even heretical to the ordinary mind (see below: Ecstatic Speech).The Definitions of EcstasyThe English word ‘ecstasy’ derives from the Greek ekstasis ( εκστασις), ‘standing outside oneself’ or ‘displacement beyond the normal state o…
Date: 2021-06-17

Editorial Board

(227 words)

Editor-in-Chief of the Original Persian EditionKazem Musavi Bojnurdi English Edition Editors-in-ChiefWilferd Madelung Farhad Daftary Managing EditorsReza Shah-Kazemi Janis Esots Advisory Committee (Tehran)Ahmad Pakatchi Sadeq Sajjadi Co-ordinating EditorsShahram Khodaverdian Wendy Robinson Editorial TeamNajam Abbas Marjan Afsharian Rahim Gholami Russell Harris Stephen Hirtenstein Jane Lewisohn Isabel Miller Mehran Nouri Fiona Stubbings Muhammad Isa Waley Roxane Zand Consulting EditorsMohammad A. Amir-Moezzi S. Jalal Badakhchani Yahia Baiza Stephen Burge Herm…
Date: 2021-04-15