Encyclopaedia Islamica

Get access Subject: Middle East And Islamic Studies
Edited by: Farhad Daftary and Wilferd Madelung

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Encyclopaedia Islamica Online is based on the abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. A unique feature of the Encyclopaedia Islamica Online lies in the attention given to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, Encyclopaedia Islamica Online offers the Western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contribution to Islamic civilization, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.

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(3,689 words)

Author(s): Stephen Hirtenstein | Translated by Leila Rahimi Bahmany | Faramarz Haj Manouchehri
Eve (in Islam), the name of the first woman, the wife of Adam (Ādam, q.v.), and the maternal progenitor of humankind, who is referred to in the Islamic tradition as Ḥawwāʾ. Eve in Sufism The image of Eve that is provided in Sufi writing up to the 4th/10th or 5th/11th centuries largely follows the portrayal in general Qurʾānic commentaries and narrations. Based on Q 7:189 as a proof-text, the majority of these sources view Eve as the first woman and Adam’s wife, who was created from the ‘single person’ ( nafs wāḥida) (understood to be Adam), and from whom in turn all other humans are c…
Date: 2021-06-17

Evil eye

(4,978 words)

Author(s): Ali A. Bulookbashi | Translated by Abuzar Ahmadi
Evil eye ( chashm-zakhm, ʿayn, naẓar), harm which, according to popular belief, is caused by admiring or envious looks or praise directed at a person, animal, plant, or other object by  friends, acquaintances or enemies. It is popularly believed that many deaths, ailments, and other natural events, such as trees failing to bear fruit or the drying up of milk in human beings or in cattle, are caused by the evil eye. Since ancient times, belief in the evil eye has been widespread in religious and folk …
Date: 2021-06-17