Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East And Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

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Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(143 words)

māʾ (A) : water. Mā Warāʾ al-Nahr; and D̲j̲ubn In medicine, ~ is used as a technical term for cataract: māʾ nāzil fi ’l-…


(57 words)

maʿād (A) : lit. place of return, a technical term in religious and philosophical vocabulary, bringi…


(23 words)

maʿāhira (A) : bells (which, al-Hamdānī writes, were attached to the gates of the ancient town of Ẓa…


(124 words)

maʿānī (A, s. Maʿnā) : meanings; contents. Aymak; Ḳudāma ff. al-maʿānī wa ’l-bayān (A…


(53 words)

maanso (Somali) : a genre of poetry, handling serious themes, sometimes referred to as ‘classical po…


(93 words)

maʿārif (A, s. Maʿrifa) : education, public instruction. The term was already used in mediaeval time…


(5 words)

maʾāṣir Marāṣid; Maʾṣir

mā baʿd al-ṭabīʿa

(64 words)

mā baʿd al-ṭabīʿa (A, < trans. Gk τὰ μετὰ τὰ φυσικά), or mā baʿd al-ṭabīʿiyyāt : metaphysics, an expression which …


(67 words)

mābeyn (T, < A mā bayn ‘what is between’) : the intermediate apartments of the Ottoman palace, lying betw…


(14 words)

mabīt (A) : a place where one halts for the night. Ḳurḥ


(33 words)

mabk̲h̲ara (A), or mibk̲h̲ara : an incense burner. Maʿdin; in architecture, a two-storey octagonal pavi…


(22 words)

mabsūṭ (A) : a literary type which multiplies detail and argument, in contrast to Muk̲h̲taṣar, which…

madad-ī maʿās̲h̲

(14 words)

madad-ī maʿās̲h̲ (IndP) : in Mug̲h̲al India, a common prebend. Waḳf


(22 words)

madāfin (A) : in Yemen, granaries, cone-shaped structures made out of sandstone and about six or sev…


(57 words)

madar (A) : the term designating in classical Arabic the mortar used to point unfired brick. It is m…
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