Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East And Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

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Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(31 words)

yāʾ (A) : the twenty-eighth letter of the Arabic alphabet, with the numerical value 10. It stands for the semivowel y an…


(14 words)

yābānī (A) : in modern Arabic, a person of Japanese descent. Yāʾ


(43 words)

yabg̲h̲u (T) : an ancient Turkish title, found in the Ork̲h̲on inscriptions to denote an office or r…


(74 words)

yabrūḥ (A) : in botany, the Mandragora or mandrake ( Mandragora officinarum, Solanaceae, also called Atropa mandrag…


(46 words)

yad (A) : lit. hand, ~ covers a vast semantic range: power, help, strength, sufficiency, ability to …

yada tas̲h̲

(85 words)

yada tas̲h̲ (T) : lit. rain stone, appearing in Arabic texts as ḥad̲j̲ar al-maṭar, a magical stone by means of wh…


(23 words)

yādgār (P) : lit. souvenir, keepsake; in numismatics, any special issue of coins struck for a variet…


(21 words)

yāfiʿ (A) : in the terminology of childhood, ‘a boy grown up . . . grown tall’ (Lane). Ṣag̲h̲īr


(7 words)

yag̲h̲mā (P) : plunder. Yag̲h̲ma


(24 words)

yahūd (A, < Ar, s. yahūdī) : the common collective singular for ‘Jews’. A less common plural hūd is also used. Yag̲h̲…


(19 words)

yak̲h̲čāl (P) : in architecture, a mud-brick structure built in Iran to make and store ice. Iran


(10 words)

yak̲h̲s̲h̲a (Pah) : a pearl. Ṣīr Banī Yās


(10 words)

yaḳīn (A) : in law, a certainty. Wuḍūʾ


(19 words)

yaḳṭīn (A) : a plant mentioned in the Qurʾān, probably a kind of Cucurbitacea. Masd̲j̲id; al-Mawṣil; Naʿām


(53 words)

yaʿḳūbī (A, pl. yaʿḳūbiyyūn, yaʿāḳiba, yaʿḳūbiyya) : a Jacobite Christian, the designation for a member o…
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