Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(119 words)

yāḳūt (A, < Gk) : in mineralogy, corundum, a crystallised form of alumina [A1sub:2Osub:3] which occurs in many co…


(27 words)

yali̊ (T, < Gk) : lit. bank, shore; in Ottoman times, a residence, villa built on the edge of the wa…


(39 words)

yaltuma (T) : a musical instrument of the pandore type, but smaller with three strings and a waisted…


(101 words)

yām (A, P; < Mon ḳam) : the effective network of communications established by the Mongols to control the…


(36 words)

yamaḳ (T) : ‘adjunct’; in the Ottoman army, an assistant to an auxiliary soldier, Es̲h̲kind̲j̲i. Esʿ…


(17 words)

yamāma (A) : in zoology, wild pigeon, as opposed to the domesticated pigeon, Ḥamām. Yām


(152 words)

yamīn (A, pl. aymān, aymun) : lit. the right hand, but often used in Arabic with the transferred sense o…


(13 words)

yamk̲h̲ūr (A, pl. yamāk̲h̲īr) : in zoology, the drone bee. Naḥl


(9 words)

yanbūʿ (A) : well. Yamūt b. al-Muzarraʿ


(15 words)

yār (T) : eroded, vertical bank or gorge of a river, cliff. Yārkand


(26 words)

yarāʿ (A) : in music, a flute, blown into from a hole as distinct from the Mizmār, a reed pipe. Malā…


(67 words)

yarbūʿ (A, < Ar) : in zoology, the jerboa. jumping mouse or jumping hare ( Jaculus) of the class of rodents and fam…


(39 words)

yarg̲h̲u (T) : trial, interrogation, the Mongolian tribunal or court of justice, hence yarg̲h̲uči, a judge. Accor…


(32 words)

yarıcılık (T) : a land-leasing system in Turkey, in which the peasant uses his own tools, plough and…


(37 words)

yarli̊g̲h̲ (T), or yarli̊ḳ : under the Mongols and their successor states, a decree, edict, command, co…


(31 words)

yāsā (Mon) : law, decree, order; in the phrase ‘the Great ~ of Čingiz Ḵh̲ān’, a comprehensive legal …


(103 words)

yasaḳ : a tribute. Temes̲h̲wār yasaḳ-ḳulu (T) : under the Ottomans, a special …


(58 words)

yāsamīn (A), yāsimīn, yāsamūn : in botany, the jasmine shrub. Several sub-species are found in the Arab…


(24 words)

yasar (A, pl. aysār) : a player of Maysir; those who presided over the division of the parts were called al-yāsirūn. al-…


(22 words)

yas̲h̲m (P) : in mineralogy, jade, known to Eastern Turkic peoples as kas̲h̲ and to the Mongols as k̲h̲as. Yasawiyya
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