Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(19 words)

yāsid̲j̲ (T ?) : an arrow with a flat-edged head, recommended for hunting the wild boar. K̲h̲inzīr


(62 words)

yatīm (A, yatāmā) : a child, below the age of puberty, who has lost his father (after puberty ~ is not…


(31 words)

yatīma (A) : known as al-yatīma, a large white gem, weighing seven dirhams, one of the many gems in the t…


(19 words)

yattūʿ (A) : in botany, wolfs’ milk, of the class of Euphorbia, a gum resin. Sambas; Summ


(26 words)

yawa (T), or ḳačḳun : one of the occasional (Bād-I Hawā) taxes paid in the Ottoman empire while recover…


(352 words)

yawm (A, pl. ayyām) : day, the whole 24-hour cycle making up a day, with Nahār meaning ‘the daylight pe…


(45 words)

yaya (T) : lit. pedestrian; in the Ottoman military of the 14th-16th centuries, infantryman. Sand̲j̲…


(121 words)

yaylaḳ (T, < yay ‘spring’, later ‘summer’) : summer quarters, the upland pastures favoured by the nomad…


(14 words)

yazak (P) : in military science, an advanced guard (syn. Ṭalīʿa). Ṭalīʿa


(50 words)

yazīdī (A, K ēzdī, ēzdīdī) : member of a mainly Kurdish-speaking group, yazīdiyya, whose communal identity is de…


(39 words)

yazi̊d̲j̲i̊ (T) : lit. writer, secretary, used in Ottoman times for the clerks in the various govern…


(40 words)

yelek (T, A) : a woman’s long coat, tightly fitting, worn in the Arab East; a long vest worn by both…


(21 words)

yemeni (T) : light shoes worn by the Zeybek in Western Anatolia as part of their folk costume. Zeybek

yeni čeri

(71 words)

yeni čeri (T) : lit. new troop; the Janissary corps, a body of professional, that is, salaried, infan…


(26 words)

yerliyya (T, A, < T yerlü ‘local’) : during the Ottoman empire, term used by Damascene sources for the lo…
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