Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(29 words)

yod̲j̲ana (San ‘league’) : a Hindu unit of distance equalling four goruta ‘cow-roar’, the length at which a cow…


(59 words)

yog̲h̲urt (T) : yogurt, a preparation of soured milk made in the pastoralist, more temperate norther…


(54 words)

yörük (Ott) : in the Ottoman empire, a term denoting a particular class of nomads obliged to serve i…


(14 words)

yug̲h̲rus̲h̲ (T) : in the Ḳarak̲h̲ānid period, the term for vizier. al-Yābānī


(26 words)

yük (T) : an Ottoman weight, being the two bales slung across a beast of burden, the equivalent of c…


(39 words)

yūnān (A, s. yūnānī) : the ancient Greeks, reflecting the name ‘Ionians’. Yulbārs K̲h̲ān yūnāniyya …


(32 words)

yūnkār (T) : a musical instrument of the pandore type, but smaller with three strings. It was invent…


(33 words)

yurd : a type of appanage, which with the term ulka (or ulkā) survived in the Turcoman states of eastern Anatoli…


(87 words)

yurt : the domed, felt-covered tent of Turkmen nomads; originally ‘homeland, encampment or camping p…


(44 words)

yūsufī (T) : in full, ʿimāme-i yūsufī, an old name for the Turkish turban, said to have been originally in…


(42 words)

yüzbas̲h̲i̊ (T, > A yūzbas̲h̲ī) : lit. head of a hundred [men]; in the later Ottoman and now Turkish and…


(46 words)

yüzelli̊li̊kler (T) : lit. the 150 [undesirables]; term for those whom the Turkish government wished…