Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs

The Encyclopaedia of Islam (Second Edition) Online sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live. 

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Dwārkā

(195 words)

Author(s): Burton-Page, J.
, a town in the Okhāmandal district in the north-west of the Kāt́hiāwād peninsula of Gud̲j̲arāt, India, associated in Hindū legend with the god Kris̲h̲na and hence considered to be of special sanctity by Hindūs. It is known also by the names of Dwārawatī and D̲j̲agat, and was notorious for its pirates until the 19th century. Under the name Bāruwī ( < dwārawatī ) it is referred to by al-Bīrūnī ( K. Taʾrīk̲h̲ al-Hind , tr. E. Sachau, London 1888, ii, 105 ff.). It was sacked by the Gud̲j̲arāt sultan Maḥmūd I “Begd́ā” in 877/1473 as a reprisal for an attack by pirates on the schol…

Dwin

(4,305 words)

Author(s): Canard, M.
(pronounced Dvin) was formerly an important town in Armenia and was the capital at the time of the Arab domination. The name of the town, to which Asog̲h̲ik, ii, ch. I, trans. Gelzer and Burckhardt, 47, gives the meaning “hill”, is probably, as was shown by Minorsky, Le nom de Dvin, in Rev. des ét. arm ., x (1930), 119 ff. and Transcaucasica , in JA, ccxvii/1 (1930), 41 ff., of pre-Iranian origin and said to have been imported by the Armenian Arsacids from their original dwelling-place, the present Turkoman steppe. In the Arab authors it occurs in the forms D…

Dyeing

(5 words)

[see sabbāg̲h̲ ].

Dynasty

(5 words)

[see dawla ].

Džabic

(386 words)

Author(s): Djurdjev, B.
, Ali Fehmi , b. Mostar 1853, d. Istanbul 1918, from 1884 mufti in Mostar (Herzegovina). The Austro-Hungarian provincial government of Bosnia and Herzegovina re-organized Muslim religious institutions in order to keep them under its control. As early as 1886 the Muslims of Sarajevo aspired to religious autonomy, and the dissatisfaction of the Muslims in Herzegovina, under Džabić’s leadership, steadily increased. Džabić sought religious autonomy at the conference of Bosnia-Herzegovina M…

Džambul Džabaev

(7 words)

[see djambul djabaev ].